10 Common beauty questions in the summer
Come summer, summer, and some beauty care questions during the season remain unanswered for a lot of people.
"Blonde woman on her back - Photo Getty Images"
But not all that is is certain or reliable. Often, attitudes taken with the greatest good intention end up going wrong and having negative consequences even for health. Therefore, the dermatologists Bel Takemoto (member of the Brazilian Society of Dermatological Surgery - SBCD - and the Brazilian Society of Dermatology - SBD), Denise Chambarelli (specialist by the State University of Rio de Janeiro) and Daniela Schmidt Pimentel (specialist by the Brazilian Society of Dermatology) clarify, next, ten very common doubts of beauty in the summer
1. Does it make the face and go sunbathing cause skin blemishes?
Yes, and it can also cause allergies. "Colored make-ups can cause photoallergia, because they contain substances that, when exposed to ultraviolet radiation, cause itching, redness, and burning."
If it's hard for you to leave the house "face-to-face," it use of sunscreen with base color: "Although it does not fix both body and makeup, it offers protection." Bel adds: "In general, pigments and active or makeup preservatives not suitable for sun exposure are not tested for this situation."
2. Should sunscreen be worn under or over makeup?
Always underneath. "The ideal is to opt for the use of sunscreen directly on the skin, to ensure that it has good adhesion and greater effectiveness. Makeup and any other products should always be used over the sunscreen," explains Denise. SBD photoprotection recommends the use of sunscreens with a minimum sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 and protection against UVA rays, which can be detected on the labels by "+" signs or by the words "UVA protection" or "Broad spectrum protection" . It is worth for those who are under the sun of any part of Brazil.
3. Does the use of deodorants to go to the beach or the pool leave the underarms stained?
Yes. The armpits can become stained if they are deodorant and are exposed to the sun, and the danger is greater with deodorants containing alcohol in the formula. "It irritates the skin, stimulates the production of sebum and can cause blemishes." The problem can be worse if the use of deodorant comes after epilation, says Denise.
It is good to consult with a dermatologist to know which products can be used safely to leave the armpits free of unwanted odors at such times.
4. Does pool chlorine make hair green?
No. Contrary to many generations' beliefs, it is the copper sulphate used in pool water treatment that leaves hair greenish - not chlorine. "Dry hair with porosity is more susceptible to this problem because the cuticles of the wires become more open," explains Denise.
5. Spending chamomile in the hair and sunbathing lightens the wires?
Not always. According to Bel, "brown hair and blond hair tend to lighten only with exposure to the sun, and the external use of chamomile tea may discretely potentiate this whitening." In any case, none dermatologists approve the use of homemade products under the sun. "There is always the risk that the storage will endanger people's health. I have seen cases where the homemade mixture was placed in a container that previously contained lemon, and the result was a skin burn caused by the fruit," says Daniela.
6. What is the best way to take care of hair in the summer?
Denise recommends the use of capillary creams with sun protection and frequent hydration of the hair. "And for dyed hair, it should not be exposed to pool chemistry for at least 15 days," he recalls.
For Bel, "the ideal is to wash the hair well with shampoo with photoprotection and avoid dryness with a capillary schedule , nutrition and reconstruction] and recommended by a dermatologist. "
7. Is it possible to sunbathe and protect against skin cancer at the same time?
Yes. "Even with sunscreen applied, the skin produces melanin and tan," says Bel. Tanning is activated by the body with mere exposure to the sun, and the protectors only prevent UVA and UVB rays from damaging skin cells and leading to diseases such as skin cancer and actinic keratosis or aesthetic damages such as premature aging and wrinkles .
Some sunscreens, even, contain in their formulas substances that stimulate the production of melanin, like betacarotene.
8. Home-made formulas for turbine tanning, such as fig leaf tea, are safe?
No. And they are vetoed by dermatologists: "The risk of phytophotodermatosis is enormous," says Daniela.
Phytophtodermatosis is an injury caused by the contact of certain chemical agents with the skin in the face of sun exposure. "You do not get to tanning, but burns caused by the combination of fruit substances like fig and lemon and sun exposure, which causes burning, itching, blisters and spots that take months to disappear."
9 . Is it allowed to use self-tanning lotions and then sunbathing?
Yes. "But only after the body has been washed, with soap and water in the bath, at least once, and always with the use of sunscreen," says Daniela.
Follow Bel's check list:
Cap or wide-brimmed hat
Sunglasses with UV protective lenses
Clothing which contain UV protection
- Umbrellas with UV protection
- All can and should be used on the beach, in the pool and even on a daily basis, without forgetting to combine them with the daily use of sunscreen. "Awareness is part of photoprotection," concludes the dermatologist.
Developed by researchers at Harvard University in the United States, cryolipolysis uses low temperatures to break down localized fat. The device is placed on the surface of the skin, causing the fat cells to be frozen at negative temperatures to be destroyed. Dermatologist Cláudio Mutti, a member of the Brazilian Society of Dermatology, explains that in contact with the low temperature, fat cells - called adipocytes - break completely.
It all starts with an imitation, a child's play. The girl sees her mother or some other adult making up and wants to do the same. Sometimes the girl's insistence is such that it is difficult not to put the lipstick on her lips or make her cheeks rosy. For the dermatologist Meire Brasil Parada, from the Federal University of São Paulo (Unifesp), make-ups should not be used by children.