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10 Questions about condoms and STDs to enjoy the protected Carnival

10 Questions about condoms and STDs to enjoy the protected Carnival

At Carnival everybody wants to know about party, of course, but it is important to enjoy responsibly, especially to avoid Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs). Therefore, it is important to reinforce that the condom is an indispensable item of this party. Want to know how not to stick the condom? Understand a little more about STDs? Below, check out the top questions from our readers on this topic:

1. Men with STDs are able to get sexually compromised?

"There are rare cases in which STD prevents a man from having sex, and yet, as with herpes, this is due to pain and not to a functional problem. However, it is part of a person's responsibility to refrain from maintaining relationships until their physician declares them cured, in order to avoid the spread of STDs, "Eduardo Finger, general practitioner.

2. Among a couple who do not have STIs, can one of them have any of these diseases even without having cheated? "Many sexually transmitted diseases can go on for many years without any symptoms, and unless they have previous negative specific tests, we can not say when it was the contact, moreover, we must not forget that some of these STDs also have other ways of being caught, such as passing from mother to child, sharing of syringes, nail clippers, razors, blood transfusion and even medical materials not adequately sterilized at endoscopy, colonoscopy and dental procedures, "Keilla Mara de Freitas, infectologist. How to know if a person has an STD?

Unfortunately, sexually transmitted diseases can take a long time to present a sign that their existence. So the best way to tell if someone has an STD is to follow up with a doctor, The best way to avoid contracting STDs is by using a condom, "Pedro Soubihia de Faria, general medical clinician.

4. Why is sexual abstinence recommended until complete remission of curable STDs, such as gonorrhea and chlamydia?

"Urethritis caused by gonococcus or chlamydia are STDs transmitted by urethral secretion. "It is highly recommended to have sexual abstinence for at least seven days during treatment and a new consultation with a urologist to reassess the effectiveness of the treatment," Luiz Augusto Westin, urologist. 5. Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the unicellular protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis. It causes lesions in the vaginal mucosa, leading to the formation of microscopic ulcers, which increase the risk of (eg, HPV, herpes, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and even HIV) may be asymptomatic, but at least 2/3 of the infected women have symptoms. unpleasant odor associated with pain to urinate, pain during sexual intercourse and vaginal itching.If untreated, it is a risk factor for infertility and cervical cancer.In pregnant the infection is associated with premature labor.But candidiasis is an infection caused by the fungus Candida albicans, leading to decreased vaginal pH, causing itching, irritation, edema of the vaginal mucosa and pain. is not considered to be a sexually transmitted disease (STD), however, man can contract candidiasis if he has sexual intercourse with the infected partner, "Cintia Pereira, gynecologist. What are the risks and the implications of getting the condom to stick?

"The correct use of the condom implies paying attention to some details that go from the moment the condom is opened to the way it is placed. We should never open the package with sharp objects (knives, scissors or even the tooth) because we run the risk of breaking the condom.The packaging has a groove that allows the opening with your own hands delicately.Note that most condoms are already lubricated with products suitable for this purpose.The use of petroleum-based or oily lubricants (petroleum jelly , baby oil) may weaken the latex of the condom, predisposing to rupture.When placing the male condom, be aware that there is a compartment at the end of the condom that should be introduced without air in the penis in erection. the condom tip so that it is placed correctly.Never unwrap the condom and then fit into the penis.Always go unrolling and inserting the condom on the penis simultaneously so that it is well positioned. And finally, we remember that the condom is for single use and therefore, disposable. Following these tips, condom disruption can be avoided, "Ana Paula Marques Fernandes Yoshizumi, a gynecologist.

7. Why can an HIV test be" false-negative "?

" All of these factors can interfere with the Test result: Influenza A H1N1 vaccine; rheumatoid arthritis; autoimmune diseases (systemic lupus erythematosus, connective tissue diseases and scleroderma); primary sclerosing cholangitis; interferon therapy in hemodialysis patients; Stevens-Johnson syndrome; antimicrosomal antibody; HLA antibodies (class I and II); acute viral infection; passive acquisition of HIV antibodies (from mother to child); malignant tumors; other retroviruses; multiple blood transfusions; anti-smooth antibody antibody. This is why, whenever a test comes positive, a more specific confirmatory test needs to be performed, "Keilla Mara de Freitas, infectious.

8. If after testing and not reporting any type of STD, it is possible to have a relationship without a condom, or even if there is a risk of having STD?

"The use of protection against sexually transmitted diseases through condoms is of fundamental importance. Some STDs may not be immediately detected in the exams because of the incubation period or difficulty in diagnosis. The condom should always be used, "Helio Magarinos Torres Filho, a clinical pathologist.

9. Even after having been tested and negative for STIs, are the couple at risk of getting an STD if they do not use a condom?

"There is a range of germs that can be transmitted through sexual intercourse, not just HIV. In some cases, these germs can not be correctly diagnosed through laboratory tests and the use of condoms continues to be indicated, "Helio Magarinos Torres Filho, a clinical pathologist.

10. When dealing with condoms, it is possible to contract the germ. HIV?

"The condom protects very well, but it is not infallible. Contamination is rare with the use of it, but there are cases described. It also helps a lot if the person infected with HIV is doing the treatment and follow-up, because if they adhere to the medication, it makes the transmission even more difficult ", Eduardo Finger, general medical clinician.

Proteins present in saliva help in combating caries

Proteins present in saliva help in combating caries

MUC5B provides salivary defense against S. mutans, according to a research published in Applied and Environmental Microbiology, a publication of the American Society of Microbiology. "We chose to study the interaction of MUC5B with Streptococcus mutans because this is the major cavity-causing bacteria in caries lesions," said the first author, Erica Shapiro Frenkel of Harvard University.


10 Questions About Sore Throat Remedies

10 Questions About Sore Throat Remedies

Sore throat is a common problem, but it causes a lot of discomfort. "Sore throat is one of the most common symptoms of medical practice, it can occur in adults in children. It occurs due to inflammation of the pharynx (pharyngitis) or amygdala (tonsillitis)," says infectious disease specialist Julival Ribeiro.