13 Tips to better deal with epilepsy
Epilepsy is one of the most important chronic disorders of childhood as well as one of the most common causes of neurological disturbance in this age group. About 50% of epileptics present the problem before age five and 75% before age twenty. Epilepsy is a temporary and reversible change in brain functioning that occurs when a part of the brain begins to emit incorrect signals for a few seconds or minutes without being caused by fever, drugs or other diseases. , as well as symptoms, which may vary according to the location reached in the central nervous system. If the change is restricted to one hemisphere, the crisis will be called a partial crisis and if the lesion affects the two cerebral hemispheres we will have what we call a generalized crisis. Usually the cause is unknown, but it can occur from head injuries, birth trauma, alcohol abuse and / or drugs and other diseases.
Epilepsy is a common, chronic neurological disease, and has very effective treatment in the vast majority of the times. Most people who have the problem lead their lives normally and successfully in all areas. The correct diagnosis should be implemented as soon as possible so that the appropriate treatment is soon achieved. Important recommendations are not to drink alcohol, not to spend sleepless nights, to have a balanced diet and to avoid excessive stress.
The spread of the disease is very important, mainly because a large part of the population ignores the problem or because they have beliefs distorted and not true on the issue. Thus, we often hear people say that epilepsy is a contagious disease and that its carriers, in addition to being normal, will never be successful in life, which is not true.
Epilepsy is the most common cause of neurological disorder in childhood.About 50% of children experience this problem before the age of 5 Unfortunately, the social and psychological impact of epilepsy is still large, to the point of being often more limiting than the disease itself. This is because epilepsy breaks the feeling of control and competence, essential for the healthy development of the person's personality, due to the paroxysmal, unpredictable characteristic and complete subjugation of the individual by the epileptic event. All it takes is a single episode so that the family can live in a state of distress, waiting for a new crisis.
Care work, care and support to the main caregivers of children and adolescents with epilepsy is of utmost importance, since it exists a "double-hand" relationship in the day-to-day life of the parents of a child with epilepsy. Several studies, including in Brazil, show an increase in the incidence of emotional and psychiatric problems, especially in the mothers of children with epilepsy. The reorganization of roles within the family dynamics is of utmost importance for the healthy management of the problem.
Therefore, raising awareness in this regard is essential for reducing the negative impact of discriminatory attitudes on epilepsy and its myths. To promote greater social and labor participation through the dissemination of correct and scientifically proven information to the competent entities and to the population, are primary objectives to be achieved, so that this part of society has a life of more quality. you understand and deal better with epilepsy.
Epilepsy is not a magical disease, nor is it sacred, let alone demonic. It is a common neurological disease.
2. Epilepsy is not a contagious disease. It is only the product of abnormal discharges of nerve cells in our brain.3.
Epilepsy is universal. It affects people of all ages and from all countries. 4.
Its prevalence may vary by region of the world. It occurs more frequently in developing countries, as is the case in our country (2%), due to malnutrition, lack of knowledge, infectious diseases and insufficient medical attention. In the more developed countries the incidence is approximately 1%.
5. Epilepsy is seen as a catastrophe. Gonna die? Is it our fault? Are you going to be retarded? None of this! Epilepsy is a condition that has treatment and is most often benign.
6 . People with epilepsy will never win in life: lie! Many are successful in life.
7. Parents often view epilepsy with shame, frustration, hopelessness. Wrong! Parents need to treat the child properly and encourage them to live as a normal child, which is a disease they have, just like any of us.
8. Epilepsy often begins to be stigmatized within From home! Often the child sees his condition as stigmatizing as a result of parental influence.
9. The person with epilepsy is a normal person. She needs to follow the doctor's instructions just like any of us.
10. Epilepsy does not generate social maladjustment by itself. the overprotection of parents in relation to the child can lead to changes in behavior and personality, making the child often socially isolated, dependent and insecure.
11. In the great majority of well-conducted cases, epilepsy does not lead to school problems. With adequate diagnosis and treatment, approximately 80-90% of children will have their seizures controlled with a minimum of unwanted effects.
12. Various sports are allowed, such as playing volleyball, soccer, gymnastics, running, tennis, etc. This will allow you access to a normal life. Swimming, only with careful supervision.
13 . Important: follow the treatment regularly, do not stop taking the medication because you have a party and want to drink alcohol, do not mix medication, avoid magic solutions like the substitution of treatment for religious practices.