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20% Of babies with Zika complications do not have microcephaly

20% Of babies with Zika complications do not have microcephaly

The Brazilian study - Microcephaly and the history of red spots during pregnancy are insufficient criteria to identify the consequences of Zika virus infection in newborns.

The finding is part of a study commissioned by the Ministry of Health, published on Wednesday (29) by the British scientific journal The Lancet. The results of the study suggest that the signs and symptoms of neurological changes are included as criteria for infant screening regardless of the presence or absence of microcephaly.

The study was conducted in partnership with the Federal University of Pelotas (UFPel) Brazilian Society of Medical Genetics, the Latin American Center for Perinatology of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO / WHO) and Harvard University, United States. A total of 1,501 live births were analyzed, which had already been investigated by the state and municipal health secretariats, and this is the largest study ever done on the subject in the world.

The study shows that, out of every five children with congenital infection by Zika virus - confirmed or probable - one did not present microcephaly, indicating that 80% of the children were caught using the research using the microcephaly and rash criteria. ? We are tailoring our protocols to these findings to broaden the investigations and improve our surveillance system. At this moment, Brazil and the world have accumulated more knowledge about the disease and we can, with this learning, improve the monitoring of the consequences of congenital infection by Zika virus ?, explained the general coordinator of Public Health Emergency Surveillance and Response, of the Ministry of Health, Wanderson Oliveira.

At the beginning of the investigation of the epidemic, in November 2015, the Ministry of Health adopted a more sensitive case definition to identify microcephaly, with a 33 cm cephalic perimeter criterion for newborns, born of both sexes. This definition was later changed to 32 cm. The adoption of these more sensitive definitions allowed us to identify that 20% of the children with some condition of clinical importance did not present microcephaly. Therefore, this is an important aspect being considered in order to adjust the surveillance model of Microcephaly for Congenital Changes.


After cancer and without a leg, ballerina returns to dance

After cancer and without a leg, ballerina returns to dance

The story of overcoming the American Gabi Shull became inspiration for many people around the world. At age 9, she was diagnosed with osteosarcoma, a rare type of bone cancer. Despite the numerous chemotherapy sessions, she had to amputate part of her right leg. The girl was already practicing ballet at the time, and because of all the difficulties she had, she lost hope of ever dancing again.

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Toothache: What's causing it?

Toothache: What's causing it?

What Do You Do When You Have A Toothache? Most people tend to look for ways to relieve it, which is really helpful while you expect to make an appointment with a dentist. However, if the pain goes away, most will simply forget the problem and leave the consultation there. But there is the danger: "often the patient is not even sure what the cause of the pain is, since it can radiate and appear to be occurring in other teeth," explains the dental practitioner Fabíola Lanfredi, specialist in functional orthopedics of the jaws and orthodontics .

(Health)