5 Essential Foods for Those with Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a very common chronic disease that affects the large intestine (colon). The problem occurs when contractions of the bowel muscles, which contract and relax as the food is ingested, are very strong and last longer than normal. This causes some symptoms, such as gas, flatulence and diarrhea. It may also be just the opposite, with weaker intestinal contractions than normal, which slows the passage of food and leads to more hard stools.
However, SII needs medical follow-up and, together with some changes in the routine, it is possible to avoid these annoyances. "The treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome, like most functional digestive disorders, is a challenge for physicians because of the peculiarity that this group of diseases have in common. It is therefore necessary to define well the diagnosis of this disorder so that the patient can respond well to a general approach to treatment that involves education, reassurance, dietary and lifestyle changes, "says gastroenterologist and nutritionist Hamilton Funes.
Foods that worsen Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Some foods are related to worsening of the IBS, mainly by increasing the production of intestinal gases, which are the great cause of symptoms, such as abdominal distension and flatus. "Among these foods are: fatty foods, such as fried foods and pork, foods with a high osmotic content, such as condensed milk, foods with intestinal malabsorption and rapid fermentation, such as milk and dairy products, beans, cabbage and wheat; some fruits such as plums and citrus fruits, as well as products that contain gluten, "says gastroenterologist Marcos Belotto, of Albert Einstein and Oswaldo Cruz Hospitals.
Better foods for people with Irritable Bowel Syndrome
- Vegetables such as lettuce and cabbage
- Non-citrus fruits such as bananas and apples
- Whole grains such as oats and quinoa
- Omega-3 rich foods such as salmon and other fish
- Teas that aid in the elimination of gases such as chamomile
These foods are low in fat and osmotic as well as high in fiber, which are extremely important in the diet of patients with IBS. "It should be emphasized that there are two types of fibers: soluble and insoluble. Soluble fibers, besides forming the faecal cake, help to compact it, favoring patients with a predominance of diarrhea, while the insoluble fibers help in the formation of the faecal cake, but they do not have the power to compress it, being favorable to patients who present with constipation, "recalls Belotto.
" Whoever has the disease should try to eat foods that do not attack and help regulate the bowel. Food should be chosen mainly by observing the clinical pattern presented by the patient, which may be more prone to constipation or diarrhea, "he adds.
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Chamomile tea is made with the leaves and flowers of chamomile, Chamomilla recutita (L). Rauschert, which is an herbaceous and aromatic plant. The chamomile flower, when immersed in hot water to prepare tea, releases essential oils with soothing properties, antioxidants and anti-inflammatory, making the drink can help anxious people (100 g) Calories 1 kcal Protein 0 g The most important nutrients of chamomile Herb chamomile (100 g) > Total fat 0 g Carbohydrate 0.