5 Signs of Skin That Deserve Attention
Largest organ of the human body, the skin is subject to changes of all kinds caused by both external factors, such as solar rays, and internal factors, such as a metabolic change. "The body sends signals through the skin and is often the first organ to manifest its own or other parts of the body," says dermatologist Murilo Drummond, an effective member of the Brazilian Society of Dermatology (SBD). dermatologist Cíntia Maria Guedes Mendonça, of the Vitalli Clinic, warns of the need to go through a medical appointment when any changes in the skin cause concern. "If simple symptoms such as dryness do not improve with home care, if a spot is changing shape, itching or itching, or if there are associated symptoms such as fever, it is imperative to see a dermatologist." a man with a wart on his finger - Photo: Getty Images
The two experts explain the following five major skin signs that deserve attention and how to deal with each:
Birthmarks hardly cause any health problems, but those that arise in adulthood can inspire care in very specific situations. Cíntia explains: "They come from exposure to the sun, most of them do not give a damn, but if they start to change, it's good to be aware." An easy way to know if the paint has evil tendencies is to follow ABC - Asymmetry, Irregular Edges, and Altered or Multiple Colors When you notice any of these signs, and also if it scratches or bleeds, a dermatologist will need to examine it to see if it is not a sign of skin cancer, "he says. recommends, in addition, the regular performance of dermoscopy, an examination that maps all the pints of the body. "With it, it is possible to decide which spots need to be removed for biopsy and which can remain in the body only to be followed. Dermoscopy can anticipate the symptoms of a skin cancer," he said. The test also helps to define the ideal type of sunscreen for the patient.
Milky coffee stains may be the first symptoms of genetic diseases, such as neurofibromatosis, according to Murilo. "It does not mean that they always are, but if there is a predisposition, it is good to be attentive," he says. The white spots, which look like moles in the opposite direction, are signs of solar leucoderma, the "white freckles." The dermatologist clarifies that they are caused by unprotected sun exposure and inadequate nutrition. Pigmentation injections can be applied to restore uniformity of the skin, but it is a merely aesthetic procedure.
If they grow irregularly, scratch, bleed or peel, spots can, like pints, be symptoms of skin cancer: "They deserve even more attention if they are in areas of the body exposed to the sun, such as face, hands, arms, neck and legs," says Cynthia.
"The first thing to ask yourself: is it really a wart? "People tend to generalize and think that every change in the skin is a wart, and it's not always the case," says the dermatologist. "The true wart is caused by one of the hundreds of variations of the HPV virus," she explains. P>
It raises two concerns about warts. The first is the fact that they are transmissible: "If the person touches the wart and other parts of the body, it can spread the lesions, if you touch someone else, you can transmit the virus. as soon as possible. "
Among the methods for removal, the use of liquid nitrogen to freeze the wart, the use of scalpel cautery and the use of lasers is noteworthy. "In cases of common or plantar warts, homecare can be done with specific medications, but only after a dermatologist has made the diagnosis."
Cynthia's second concern is about genital warts, which can cause cervical cancer. "They need another kind of attention, with the help of a gynecologist, to avoid the greater damage."
According to Murilo, all dermatology is related to skin eruptions because they are elemental lesions. "A rash can range from scabies to chickenpox, and it is important to look at what goes with it - nodules, vesicles, blisters - so the dermatologist should be sought immediately when the rash erupts," he says. the most common eruptions in the skin of adults are related to herpes. "If it's a herpes bacterial infection, the simple application of an ointment will be all right again. But if it's herpes viral, the remedies will only ease the symptoms and perhaps decrease in some days the period of manifestation of the disease, which is usually 7 to 10 days, "explains.
Although it is the simplest sign, which usually means only lack of hydration - which is solved with the use of a good cream suitable for the skin type - dry skin may be a symptom of diabetes, vascular diseases in general, and thyroid problems as well. "If a moisturizer does not resolve the issue, a multidisciplinary analysis to detect what is happening, "says Cynthia.
All care, therefore, is valid. Always be aware of the signs your skin emits. Remember: an early diagnosed illness is much more likely to be unsuccessful.
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