5 Tips to control weight when you have hypothyroidism
"I'm with Will I start to get fat now? " This is just one of the many questions we hear when a patient is diagnosed with hypothyroidism. But, after all, how much of this is true and how much is myth? To understand a little more about the subject, we need to first talk about it: the thyroid.
The thyroid is the main gland that regulates our metabolism. It is responsible for making the hormones T3 and T4, which will make the body work properly.
Thyroid hormones help control heart rate, body temperature, maintenance of muscle rate, cholesterol levels, and a series of mechanisms that regulate our body.
However, our metabolism, despite being influenced by the thyroid, is not exclusively regulated by it. Metabolism is understood as the set of chemical processes within the organism that maintains life: our internal motor.
Our metabolism has 3 main functions:
- Keep the cells of our body functioning and guarantee energy to them
- Build structures for our body, such as muscles and bones
- Eliminate toxins.
That way, proper functioning metabolism will depend on the amount of nutrients we eat, the activities we do, the amount of muscle, bone and fat we eat we have, and of course, our age.
So when we think more broadly, the metabolism is much more than just the thyroid. It has an important role, but it is not only the one that controls all processes.
So where does the weight come in? Regarding weight control, it is important to understand that weight gain or loss is the result of the amount of food eaten minus the energy expended to maintain the body.
This means that even if the person has hypothyroidism, if they eat less than it spends, the trend will be for weight loss and not gain. It is also important to understand that weight gain is a process of many causes, such as sedentary lifestyle, genetics and intestinal flora control. Therefore, to attribute to the thyroid only the weight gain is to ignore the body as a whole.
One of the possible explanations for the person to gain weight with hypothyroidism is because it allows a discreet retention of fluid and due to the muscular weakness, people tend to be less active. However, if the person is taking the treatment for hypothyroidism and is controlled on hormonal rates, it will not suffer the effects on weight.
Knowing all this, here are 5 tips to help you control weight:
1) Follow hormonal rates
Have the correct diagnosis and know the cause of your hypothyroidism. Follow the hormonal rates regularly with your doctor to see if the dosage is correct and you will need some adjustment.
2) Medication Control
The only remedy to treat hypothyroidism is levothyroxine, which is capable of (T4) deficiency of the thyroid gland.
Levothyroxine can not be manipulated or mixed with any other remedy. Being in a small dosage, in micrograms, it is a delicate medication, which can not have the tablets cut. Should the medication be taken at the same time every day? including Saturday and Sunday? in the morning, without taking any day. Put your alarm clock in case you forget to take it.
3) Practice physical activities
Once your hormone levels are controlled, there is no reason for weight gain to happen. Practice physical activities with a focus on endurance to maintain your muscle mass and thus maintain the speed of caloric expenditure of your body. Remember that muscles are the main calorie burners we have.
4) Healthy eating
Do not believe in miraculous foods. There are currently many treatment lines indicating the withdrawal of certain foods for the treatment of hypothyroidism. However, there is no scientifically based recommendation for any food to be completely withdrawn from the diet of those with hypothyroidism.
What is recommended is foods that have the potential to produce goiter - which is thyroid volume increase - are consumed once or twice a week, but not every day. They are: cabbage, turnip, soy, cabbage, peaches and peanuts. Remember, if in doubt, talk to your endocrinologist if it is really necessary to reduce the consumption of some food.
5) Medical follow-up
If you have a feeling of tiredness and unusual weight gain, do not talk to your doctor because you will often need to check your thyroid. Thyroid exams are simple and made in the blood.
It is very common for us to believe that cutting calorie consumption is enough to lose weight. But not quite. Taking into account only calories can lead to nutritional problems. Consuming only nutrient-poor foods in the long term can lead to nutritional deficiencies and problems such as anemia, vitamin B and iron deficiency, and low immunity, increasing the chances of flu, infections, viruses, verminoses and allergic reactions.
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