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6 Reasons for Everyone to Talk More About Depression

6 Reasons for Everyone to Talk More About Depression

It is not weakness or mood swings: depression is an even disease¹. Across the world, it reaches more than 350 million people, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) ³ - by 2015, there were 322 million patients with depression globally. "

The explanation of what depression looks like complicated, but with patience it is possible to understand the path of disease. What happens is a process of chemical imbalance of the neurotransmitters, which are the substances responsible for carrying information through the network of neurons in the brain. "

Among these are feelings of pleasure, serenity, disposition, and well-being. This chemical imbalance can cause responses in various functions of the body, and its consequences are anxiety, distress, hopelessness, lack of motivation, among others. If left untreated, depression can lead to great suffering and cause problems at work, in studies, and in the home environment⁷. Although there are effective and known treatments for the disease, data show that there is a global gap in treatment. In poor countries, between 76% and 85% of people suffering from depression do not receive treatment. In the developed world, this number is around 35% and 50%, still far from ideal. "

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This occurs, among other reasons, because of the associated social stigma to mental disorders, in other words: due to the same prejudice that many people have with this type of disease⁹. It is important to break this cycle of prejudice and talk openly about depression. This is the first step in understanding the issue and enabling more people to seek medical help. "

Here are 7 reasons to talk more about depression:

It will be the world's most common disease by 2030

It seems like a lot of time is missing, but 2030 is already closer to us than the year 2000. According to the WHO, in 2020 (in three years!), Depression will be the second most common disease in the world, and in 2030 will have reached the top of the ranking³. The estimate is that it represents 6.2% of the general diagnoses of diseases in all continents³. You can not keep quiet about it. It is also important to know who can treat depression. The psychiatrist is the professional to accompany patients with the disease.

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It is not just sadness

It is important to differentiate sadness and depression. In difficult situations that all face at some point in life, such as death of a loved one, illnesses¹¹, personal humiliation, deception, loss of social or financial status, some kind of negative feeling is expected, but this is temporary. When it comes to an episode of depression, in mild cases the person has difficulty to continue simple work and social activities, while in the most severe cases it is unlikely that she can continue with social, work or domestic activities.1²

It is there is a need for solidarity and family support¹³ and in the work environment¹, in addition to psychological help and appropriate medical treatment¹.

Depression can lead to suicide

Approximately 800,000 people die each year from suicide - second leading cause of death among persons aged 15-29 years. Most people who commit suicide have mental illnesses, especially depression, which makes it easier to understand the degree of pain that patients feel: Many people prefer death to deal with this suffering. The need to diagnose, treat, and demystify it is indisputable. "

Day-to-day signs and how to identify them

To treat depression early, it is important to detect your daily signs to get a diagnosis when the disease is well in the beginning. When you notice your signs and consider that your daily life is being impaired, you should seek a psychiatrist who is the professional who can help. "

The typical signs of depression are:

Sleep disorders - the person with depression usually have trouble controlling their ability to sleep. Either the patient sleeps too much, seeking sleep in an escape from reality, or can not sleep, because he is not disconnected from the problems that led him to depression²⁰

  • Early suffering - going through times of paralyzing anxiety and stress is often a trigger picture of depression⁵
  • Loss of appetite - for failing to feel pleasure, the person with depression is no longer interested in the taste of food²⁰
  • Variations of mood - in most cases, the patient remains in a state of constant sadness²¹ , but in the case of bipolar depression there are oscillations between sadness and euphoria, which can be aggravated even by lack of sleep²²
  • The diagnosis of depression gains strength when mood swings are persistent²¹
  • Solitude - solitude is closely linked to mental health. Studies have shown that those who isolate themselves are at increased risk of depression²³, and loneliness, along with other symptoms of depression, can contribute to decreasing well-being in middle-aged and elderly adults² <.
  • Increased risk of death in cancer patients or heart disease

Although there is no evidence that depression causes any type of cancer, the opposite path is clear: there is a relationship between the drop in cancer patient survival and the presence of depression. Oncology patients with depression adhere less to treatments, worsening their health status and compromising quality of life²⁵.

In cardiac patients, the relationship is even more harmful: the mortality of those with heart problems increases when there is development of depression, and on the other hand, depression causes an increased risk of cardiac events in individuals who were healthy. "

There is more than one type of depression

Depression is not always the same for everyone: a depressive episode can be mild , moderate or severe, depending on the intensity of the symptoms²¹.

In mild, the individual will have some difficulty to continue a simple work and social activities, but probably without great harm in the day to day. When the condition is severe, it is unlikely that he can continue with social, work or domestic activities, that is, he can not function properly in his routine.1².

Depression does not choose age and reaches 3% to 8% of adolescents in the world², and by the end of adolescence about 20% will have had a depressive episode² <.

The symptoms of depression in adolescents are the same as in adults, but instead of feeling sad, they become more irritated and this makes it the main manifestation of the disease. "

Resistance to routine tasks, excessive sleep2 and difficulty concentrating3 should also be taken into account, not just treated as" rebellion, "as in many homes. However, it is worth mentioning that sleep deprivation can also be linked to depression¹¹. In case of doubt, a psychiatrist who specializes in the adolescent public should be consulted.

Well, you can understand that depression is not freshness. It is a serious illness that has treatment.²

Remember: always seek the help of a psychiatrist when you feel the need to talk about your problems and feelings.


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