6 Signs that the body gives weeks before a heart attack
About 30% of deaths in Brazil happen because of cardiovascular diseases, the greatest cause of death worldwide, with myocardial infarction being the biggest villain. Also called acute myocardial infarction or heart attack, this problem can be fatal.
Infarction occurs when one or more arteries that carry oxygen to the heart (coronary arteries) are abruptly blocked by a blood clot formed on top of a fat plaque (atheroma) on the inner wall of the artery.
Some people are more prone to a heart attack. The main risk factors for an infarction are: smoking, hypertension, high cholesterol, diabetes, sedentary lifestyle, obesity, stress, alcoholism and family history of infarction. However, with due care and attention, it is possible to notice signs that very subtle) of a heart attack weeks before happening. "Early symptoms appear in about 50% of cases, but are usually ignored," says cardiologist Rogério Marra, of the Hospital Samaritano de São Paulo. Below, find some signs that, if combined, may be indicative of early infarction:
1. Pain in the thoracic region
"Sometimes the first symptom is external like pain in the chest and chest region, and it can radiate in different ways, through the shoulders, back, arms, neck and even the jaw," explains Marra. This pain arises suddenly, while the person performs his normal activities or even asleep.
2. Shortness of breath
A tightness in the chest can interfere with the lungs, resulting in difficulty breathing. "In patient discomfort, this can lead to shortness of breath," says the specialist.
3. Nausea, indigestion, heartburn or abdominal pain
Because of these symptoms, often the problem is confused as a simple digestive discomfort. "The doctor should be very attentive and, if possible, be a specialist to be able to make the correct diagnosis", according to Marra.
A few weeks before a heart attack, it is also possible to experience dizziness. Therefore, it is important to "avoid driving in this case, because arrhythmias and fainting can put you and others at risk," says cardiologist Bruno Valdigem of the Dante Pazzanese Institute of Cardiology. Cold Sweat
Along with dizziness, the patient may also report cold sweat from chest pains. "Although it is a simple symptom, they represent something progressive: the sooner the person arrives at the hospital, the easier it will be to reduce the damage," says Marra.
Weakness goes unnoticed many times, but attention is needed because it can be indicative of something more serious. "This picture is a challenge because of all the evaluations of the first aid, 20% are related to the heart, so the doctor may not understand that this symptom is about the heart," says Rogerio.
The response to this diagnosis is obtained from the ophthalmocoscopy examination, it is performed with the dilated pupil and has the the objective of observing the retinal and optic nerve lesions. The little eye test routinely used to detect ocular problems in infants, in this case, would not be enough.
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