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641 Cases of microcephaly were confirmed among the 5,909 reported

641 Cases of microcephaly were confirmed among the 5,909 reported

Health Agency - The Ministry of Health and the states investigate 4,222 suspected cases of microcephaly throughout the country. This represents 71.5% of reported cases. The new bulletin released on Tuesday (1st) also points out that 1,046 notifications have already been discarded and 641 confirmed for microcephaly and other nervous system disorders, suggestive of congenital infection. In all, 5,909 suspected microcephaly cases were recorded by February 27.

In all, 139 microcephaly and / or central nervous system (CNS) abnormalities were reported after delivery (stillbirth) or during pregnancy (abortion or stillbirth) . Of these, 31 were confirmed for microcephaly and / or central nervous system alteration. Another 96 were still under investigation and 12 were already discarded.

Of the total cases of confirmed microcephaly, 82 were reported by laboratory criteria specific to the Zika virus. However, the Ministry of Health points out that this figure does not adequately represent the total number of cases related to the virus. The folder considers that there was infection by Zika in the majority of the mothers who had babies whose final diagnosis was microcephaly.

Case distribution

The 641 cases of confirmed microcephaly occurred in 250 municipalities, located in 15 units of the federation: Alagoas, Bahia, Ceará, Maranhão, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Piauí, Rio Grande do Norte, Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, Pará, Rondônia, Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul and Rio Grande do Sul. The 1,046 cases were discarded because they presented microcephaly and / or changes in the central nervous system due to non-infectious causes.

It should be clarified that the Ministry of Health is investigating all cases of microcephaly and other central nervous system disorders, reported by the states and the possible relationship with the Zika virus and other congenital infections. Microcephaly may be caused by a number of infectious agents other than Zika, such as Syphilis, Toxoplasmosis, Other Infectious Agents, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus and Viral Herpes.

According to the report, the 5,909 cases reported since the beginning of investigations on the day October 22 last year? were registered in 1,143 municipalities of 25 units of the federation. The Northeastern region concentrates 81% of the reported cases, with Pernambuco continuing with the highest number of cases remaining in investigation (1,672), followed by the states of Bahia (817), Paraíba (810), Rio Grande do Norte (383), (9)> To the moment, there are with autochthonous circulation of the Zika virus 22 units of the federation: Goiás, Minas Gerais , Federal District, Mato Grosso do Sul, Roraima, Amazonas, Pará, Rondônia, Mato Grosso, Tocantins, Maranhão, Piauí, Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Alagoas, Bahia, Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Paraná.


WHO states that Brazil has acted fast in the investigations of Zika virus

WHO states that Brazil has acted fast in the investigations of Zika virus

Agência Saúde - Brazil is a pioneer in the study of the relationship of Zika virus with microcephaly and has advanced with agility in the investigations. These evaluations were made during the 138th Session of the Executive Board of the World Health Organization (WHO) held this Thursday (28) in Geneva, Switzerland.

(Health)

Smoking accelerates mental decline in men

Smoking accelerates mental decline in men

A study by University College London (England) points out that men who smoke tend to have a faster mental decline than nonsmokers. The researchers analyzed data on nearly 6,000 men and more than 2,100 women who were British civil servants. To measure reasoning skills, participants underwent the first mental assessment in middle age, with a mean age of 56 years, and more than twice over a decade.

(Health)