7 Attitudes of parents that impact on infant feeding
The formation of a child's food choices is directly related to the family routine. The reason is that parents and caregivers are the first references to contact the world that children have. More precisely, the influence of the family on the child's diet comes from the intrauterine life, for in this period the child receives the umbilical cord through the umbilical cord. nutrients ingested by the mother. During the breastfeeding period, nutrient transfer is made from breastfeeding, and in childhood, building the children's food repertoire is done by imitating the practices and choices made by the family.
Mother and daughter cooking together - Photo : Getty Images
And the ability to imitate behaviors is directly linked to the ability to observe that they acquire very early. Thus, if parents eat pleasurably, healthy and balanced, they will have more opportunity to develop a varied palate, in which all food groups are included, and rich in nutrients that will favor their development. , this is not often the case. After all, eating habits have undergone many transformations in recent decades. "In the 1970s, there were no supermarkets, children ate what was made at home. Likewise, we did not have so many women working in the labor market," says psychologist Denise Ely Bellotto de Moraes, Ph.D. of the psychology department of the Nutrology discipline of the Department of Pediatrics and Clinical Psychologist.
Today, families have less time to cook and need to resort to quick, practical alternatives, but not always healthy. The consequences of changes in the eating habits of Brazilians can be seen in a survey carried out by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) in the year 2014.
The study indicates that 15% of children between 5 and 9 years present a of obesity. And one in three did not reach the level of obesity, but they are above the weight recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Ministry of Health.
In addition to the consequences on the weight of children, "Minerals like Iron, Zinc, Calcium and Copper, found in food, act directly on the development of the body as a food source. everything in the physical as well as the cognitive part, "explains the pediatrician and nutritionist Mauro Fisberg of the Pensi Institute. According to him, the deficiency of these minerals can lead to learning problems, problem solving difficulties and short stature.
What happens is that many failures in the feeding of children go unnoticed by the parents, which causes an even greater aggravation of this table. Here are some things that can be improved:
1. Always cook the same foods
Offering little variety of food can be harmful to children. One of the reasons is that in this way they no longer know different types of food, which is important for the development of the taste.
A limited menu often also reduces the type of nutrients consumed by the child and depending on the type of food, can cause health problems.
It is worth remembering that a child who always consumes the same food often starts to reject other options. For example, if she is accustomed to eating a fried protein, when she has a chance to eat cooked food she may not like it because she has simply never had contact with that cooking mode.In addition, she may find meals dull and associate the moment of eating with something boring. "Showing flexibility in the menu is interesting not only from the nutritional point of view but also for the child's psychological development, since it shows that in life we do not have to go only one way, but we have different options," says psychologist Denise.
There is no need to make major changes to offer a varied menu for the family. "A carrot can be used in different dishes, such as a salad, along with rice and even in a cake," says nutritionist Priscila Maximino of the Pensi Institute and the Brazilian Society of Food and Nutrition, a specialist in child nutrition. > 2. Not having a well-defined food routine
In today's reality, parents spend much of their time away from home. There's no problem with that. But it can mean that quality meals are made on the street, and when they get home, they do not establish a well-defined food routine.
"Children need routine and this routine should be demonstrated by parents, it must exist in all activities they perform, whether in food or study, for example," says nutritionist Dyandra Loureiro, of the Institute for Child Development.
So if one day the parents come home and eat a sandwich, the other they eat a full meal and the next they do not eat anything, the child will be without reference to how the meals should being.
Therefore, it is important that, whenever possible, the meal be made with the family. In his book "Cooking - A Natural History of Transformation," American journalist and writer Michael Pollan states that "a shared meal is not insignificant. is one of the foundations of family life, the place where children learn the art of conversation and acquire the habits that characterize civilization: sharing, listening, giving in, managing differences and arguing without offense. "
That is why it is so important that meals are done together and in a harmonious environment.
3. Eating in front of the television
Another misconception practiced by families is to let the child eat watching television or moving on the cell phone. This habit, in many cases, is practiced by the adults themselves without realizing it. As much as access to information is just a few clicks away, meals must be done without interference.
The reason is that distractions favor a lack of awareness of what is being consumed and can be detrimental both to the risk of if it consumes food in a larger quantity than necessary, as well as impair digestion by disrupting the body's response to the visual stimuli coming from the device in use. If the child already knows how to talk, it's worth asking how her day at school was, what she learned, or if she has something new she would like to tell. Or the parents tell something to their children about what they did at work and ask if the meal is delicious. The options are many, the important thing is that they do not involve television or other mobile devices.
4. Using Food as a Reward
Encouraging children to achieve achievement is a beneficial and important habit and brings different benefits to self-esteem, shows that it has power of overcoming and focus. Congratulating them on these achievements is also fundamental.
The problem is when parents offer a candy to each high note that the child draws. Or they promise a chocolate if they behave in a given situation. In the same way, it can happen that the parents try to soften a moment of annoyance with treats.According to Denise, food can not serve as reward or palliative for victories or mishaps in life, as this can cause the child to begin to associate feelings with food. This is not healthy either physically or emotionally.
"What parents can do is go out to dinner to celebrate a victory, for example. In this way, a different affective relationship is created with the fact," clarifies.
5. Restricting your child's diet too much
Just as it is unhealthy for your child to eat only sugary, sugary, high-sodium foods, parents are not advised to restrict their food too much. Of course, it is more indicated that she has a balanced diet and rich in healthy foods. But it is important to remember that children will feel like eating goodies.
To deal with this issue, the middle way is the best alternative. Parents should teach that there are foods that can be eaten more often, such as fruits, vegetables, vegetables, protein and carbohydrates.
"It is important that there is balance in the child's diet, since excessive control can lead to contrary behavior. In this case, a child who has suffered a lot of pressure at the time of food, when given a chance, can be overdone, "says pediatrician Fisberg.
Psychologist Denise adds that there is research showing that children with very restrictive parents are more likely to eat without hunger. Good alternative is to opt for healthy foods among the choices of goodies. For example, if the child wants to eat a cake, offer a carrot. If she wants a chocolate, offering an option with more cocoa is an alternative. Believe, flexibility and health are concepts that can go together.
6. Do not call the child to cook together
Parents often become so focused on cooking and serving the family that they forget that, like the meal, the preparation of food is also a social moment and can count on the help
It is important that the child participates in the preparation of the food, because this will know how to differentiate a cooked food from a grilled. This will help to create positive connections with the food routine, in addition to expanding the food repertoire.
In the Brazilian documentary "Much Beyond the Weight", directed by Estela Renner, which addresses the problems and consequences of poor diet in childhood, children are not aware of food by showing different fruits and vegetables.
To call the children to cook together it is not necessary to expose them to any danger, just ask them to help wash the vegetables and vegetables, to separate the beans before putting it in the pan or to open a dough. Another option is to have a home garden with some herbal options, such as basil, mint and parsley.
7. Inducing fears in children
Many times, without realizing it, parents end up giving children some fears they have, causing eating disorders from childhood. According to psychologist Denise, it is common for parents to say that they need to diet and lose weight and the child thinks they need it too.
It is important to note that there is no need to hide from the child if someone in the family is going through a food re-education process and need to consume some food in less quantity. But it is important to make it clear to the child so that she understands that she does not have to restrict her eating, nor does she have a distorted view of her image. Similarly, it is not appropriate to say that the child will gain weight by eating certain food , have cavities or tummy ache. The best thing to do is to say that some foods can be consumed daily and sometimes from time to time.
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