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7 Attitudes That Can Prevent Thyroid Disorders

7 Attitudes That Can Prevent Thyroid Disorders

Every day we hear more about people with thyroid problems, from friends, colleagues, relatives, celebrities ... It seems like we are facing an epidemic. It will be? According to the Thyroid Department of the Brazilian Society of Endocrinology and Metabolism, the most recent data in Brazil for subclinical hypothyroidism indicate that the prevalence in the Brazilian population is about 4 to 10%. It is known that hypothyroidism is 8 times more frequent in women compared to men. But ... is this recent? Not really. If we look at the older data, Latin American countries have been mobilizing to introduce the use of iodized salt for the control of hypothyroidism and goiter (thyroid growth) since 1940.

When we talk about thyroid problems, it is impossible to leave of talking about it: iodine. It is known that the greatest preventable cause of mental deficiency in the world is called Endemic Cretinism. This disease happens when the child inside the mother's uterus develops congenital hypothyroidism, that is, from birth. In most cases, cretinism is due to iodine deficiency, since the lack of the nutrient prevents the thyroid from developing normally - and the result is the lack of hormones (T4 and T3) leading to severe mental retardation. In addition to preventing congenital cretinism, salt iodination is recommended to avoid goiter and possibly thyroid cancer in its most aggressive forms.

After the salt has been iodized and the causes of iodine deficiency goiter the most common cause of hypothyroidism is chronic autoimmune thyroiditis, also known as Hashimoto's Thyroiditis. Some lines of basic research have linked early excess iodine consumption to the development of autoimmune thyroid problems, however, it is known that other causes may be involved, such as viruses, ionizing radiation and exposure to harmful substances in plastics , such as bisphenol. These factors can cause a confusion in the immune system, which starts to attack the thyroid itself and impairs its function.

But when we stop to look, are thyroid problems increasing or only, due to medical advances, do we to do more diagnostics? So far, what the evidence indicates is that we have improved a lot in the last decades, but the impacts of new substances such as pollutants and derivatives of plastics are still being evaluated in the behavior of thyroid diseases. can we do? A good tip, until research can clarify doubts about the incidence of thyroid problems, is to avoid plastics containing bisphenoids. One of them, the best known, is bisphenol A (Bisphenol A, or BPA), an inorganic compound used together with other substances in the manufacture of polymers of polycarbonate and epoxy resins, materials that are used in the manufacture of plastics. > It is known that BPA has properties similar to some hormones. This has generated great international concern, so much so that in 2010 the government of Canada declared this substance toxic and, as a result, the governments of the European Union and the United States banned BPA from making baby bottles for babies. However, BPA is still present as an integral compound in the water pipes and also in the inner coating of food cans (the canned ones), which allows to say that their use is almost universal.

Some measures of prevention to the exposure to the bisphenol A can be taken, according to the Brazilian Society of Endocrinology and Metabolism:

1 - Use baby bottles and glassware or BPA free for babies

2 - Never heat microwaves in drinks and food packaged in plastic. Bisphenol A is released in larger amounts when the plastic is heated.

3 - Avoid carrying food and drinks in the freezer.

4 - Avoid consumption of canned foods and beverages, as bisphenol is used as an epoxy resin in the inner lining of the cans.

5 - Avoiding dishes , cups and other plastic utensils. Choose glass, porcelain, and stainless steel when storing beverages and food.

6 - Discard chipped or scratched plastic utensils.

7 - If you use plastic containers to store food or drinks, avoid those that have the recycling symbols with the numbers 3 and 7 inside it and do not wash them with strong detergents or place them in the dishwasher. on the back of the cartons. They indicate that the product contains or may contain BPA in its composition.


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