7 Facts you did not know about self-medication
In the fight against evils and minor illnesses, which are often recurrent and possibly have already received medical or pharmaceutical guidance on how to treat them, MIPs are the major allies of the population. Here we are talking about combating headaches, colds and poor digestion, for example.
In addition to making life easier to solve a problem of this type, the use of MIPs (worldwide known as OTC - Over-The -Counter drugs) has an important social and economic role, as it helps to unlock the already overburdened health system. Resources that are no longer spent for a physician to prescribe a cold remedy can be directed to the treatment of more complex diseases that require greater medical attention and dedication. It is also important to clarify that MIPs are used even in hospitals. Prescription drugs are also part of many doctors' prescriptions, which prescribe MIPs for symptom relief. In many cases, these medicines are given in combination with other prescription products.
In addition to symptom relief, IPMs can also work to prevent disease. This is the case with vitamins, which help in strengthening the body, either by helping to avoid an uncomfortable flu or to maintain bone health, as is the case with vitamins C and D respectively.
But there is still a lot of confusion about what MIPs are and how they can be used.
1 - Self-medication is not synonymous with self-prescription
This is the biggest mistake on the subject: many people believe that self-medication is something dangerous and related to the indiscriminate use of prescription drugs to be consumed. That's not it.
The problem is in the confusion of terms. The incorrect practice of buying and consuming prescription drugs (with red or black stripe) without the prescription or prescription of a doctor is called self-prescription and is never recommended. Self-medication is the responsible use of prescription drugs as a self-care practice and is in line with WHO (World Health Organization) guidelines.
For a drug to be approved by health authorities such as IPM, its high efficacy and safety profile, its low potential for toxicity and risks, its adverse reactions with known and reversible causalities after its suspension, its low potential for drug and food interactions and its short period of use, since MIPs are medicines that relieve symptoms and its use must be punctual, avoiding the long term.
2 - The pharmacist is his greatest ally in the responsible consumption of IPMs
It is imperative to be aware of and safe from the choice of a drug exempt from prescription. In this mission, the pharmacist is the professional indicated to guide the consumer on the form of action, benefits and adverse effects, dosage, duration of treatment, possible adverse reactions, contraindications and interactions with other medicines and foods. Prescription has the package leaflet and label that must be followed
The fact that you can buy an MIP without a prescription does not make your consumption "free". It is necessary to follow the directions on the label and package leaflet and keep in mind that if the symptoms persist, the use of the medicinal product should be discontinued immediately and the doctor should be consulted.If the MIP is marketed in cartons and does not have a label attached to the product, the consumer can request a copy of it, which should be available at the pharmacy, according to rules of Anvisa (National Agency for Sanitary Surveillance). of drug brands, which also often contain important information about their products, as well as some applications made available by the laboratories to the consuming public.
4 - The vitamins you take are MIPs
In addition to medicines used under the guidance of the pharmacist or because they have previously been indicated by doctors, several vitamins and antioxidants used as a form of prevention and maintenance of health can also be MIPs, depending on the dosage ingested. In some situations, however, they need to be prescribed by a physician.
5 - Self-medication is part of a larger WHO self-care package
WHO has established the concept of self-care to refer to how people cope with their own health in order to prevent and deal with diseases. This concept encompasses 7 important pillars in everyone's life:
seek reliable information to become aware of health
be aware of one's own physical and mental conditions
do physical activities
have a healthy diet
- avoid (such as smoking or drinking too much alcohol, for example)
- having good hygiene
- when it is necessary to use a medicine, MIPs are the right choice.
- >> Click here to learn more about the 7 pillars of self-care
- 6 - Even without prescription, MIPs are not consumed in order to lead to intoxication
- Data from Sinitox (National Toxic-Pharmacological Information System) show that the main drugs causing intoxication are not the MIPs, which are on hand at any pharmacy, but antidepressants, anticonvulsants, contraceptives, neuroleptics and anxiolytics - all with a stripe and that require revenue to be purchased.
- 7 - MIPs are also used in the hospital environment
MIPs play an important role in the control of symptoms that, for the most part, do not present a great risk to the patient.
Because they have high relief power in cases of coryza, headache, muscle aches, nasal pruritus, colds, allergies, fever and malaise, among others, many MIPs are also used in environment hospital to provide greater comfort to the patients, even prescribed by the doctors responsible for the treatment.
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