7 Myths and 5 truths about diabetes
In Brazil, about seven million people over the age of 18 have the disease. A study of the Brazilian Society of Diabetes, indicates that more than 60% of them do not know that they have the disease. Chronic metabolic dysfunction due to a deficiency of insulin - a hormone produced by the pancreas - that can be caused by genetic factors or due to poor living habits such as sedentary lifestyle and an unbalanced diet, filled with sugar. loss or weight gain, is a risk factor for cardiovascular problems and, in more severe cases, causes organ failure (kidneys, eyes) and even death.
"It is a chronic disease and must be treated as such, but with information and changes in habits, it can be controlled and have a quality of life," explains nutritionist Patrícia Ramos, coordinator of the Hospital Bandeirantes. Thinking about it,
aazsante.fr talked to specialists to discover the myths and truths of diabetes to make life easier for people living with the disease. Diabetes is a chronic disease but with information and habits change , can give quality of life
1.Diabetes is contagious
: diabetes is just one person to person. It is necessary to end this discrimination that the diabetic can not have jobs, friends and social life. What happens is that, especially in type 1, there is a genetic propensity to have the disease and not a common transmission. "We have examples of diabetic mothers who have totally healthy children," explains the nutritionist. 2.Canela Helps Control Diabetes
has no scientific study to prove this. There are some studies in relation to cinnamon, but they are preliminary studies that deserve more clarification to prove this satisfactory effect. "It is better not to follow anything that is not proven, after all, it is a chronic problem and any carelessness can make the situation worse", says the nutrition. Diabetes: 5 special care
3.Diabetic can consume honey , brown sugar and cane juice without problems
: Although natural, these foods have sucrose sugar, the biggest villain of diabetics. "Today, international standards already release that 10% of carbohydrates ingested can be sucrose, but without control and compensation, glucose levels can rise and trigger a crisis," explains Patricia. "The diabetic can even consume, but he must be aware that he can not overeat and compensate with dietary balance," he continues. 4. Some foods help control blood glucose levels by helping to treat diabetes
Yes. This is due to the Glycemic Index (GI) of food. When a food has low glycemic index, it slows the absorption of glucose by the blood and therefore stabilizes the disease. But when the rate is high, this absorption is fast and speeds up the increase in blood glucose rates. "Whole foods, sugarless yogurts, apple, pear, beans, lentils and mangoes can be considered inducers of this control, so they help to alleviate the symptoms of the disease, while the high indexes such as potatoes and other carbohydrates increase the problem ", continues Diabetes
5. Insulin application causes chemical dependence
Insulin application does not promote any kind of chemical or psychic dependence. The hormone is important to allow the entry of glucose into the cell, becoming a source of energy. "In the case of patients with type 1 diabetes, there is no way they are insulin-dependent, not because it causes this dependence, but because their deficiency is chronic from birth," explains Patricia. of chemical dependence but of vital necessity.You need insulin to survive, but you are not a substance addict, "explains the endocrinologist and president of the National Diabetes Support Association (Anad), Fadlo Farige.6. Sugar should be substituted for food by Truth
sweetener: sweeteners were made exactly for diabetics or for those on a diet, but for people who do not have any dysfunction, there is a limit to their use. "The recommended daily value of aspartame, for example, is 40 mg per kg, already in cyclamate, this number is much lower, 11 mg," explains the nutritionist.
7. It is to avoid insulin if you do not ingest carbohydrates
In this case, it depends. Carbohydrate raises blood glucose faster, so your intake should be controlled. "In type 1 diabetes, insulin is needed daily, since the pancreas does not produce this hormone, so even if you do not eat carbohydrates you will need to apply insulin.
8. It is not allowed to drink alcohol
Truth: "the consumption is but with some care: Moderate and always with a meal, since the isolated consumption can lead to hypoglycemia (low blood glucose levels) or make it difficult to recover from a hypoglycemic crisis, since the use of insulin and other medications to control diabetes are made to lower blood glucose, and alcohol tends to further decrease these rates, which can lead to a chronic condition, "explains the nutritionist.
It is also important to monitor g before and after consuming alcoholic beverages. According to Fadlo Fraige, only distilled beverages are permitted (and very sparingly), since, according to him, they are not based on carbohydrates and alcohol has a low glycemic index. On the fermented, glucose-based, the endocrinologist recommends: "Be careful with beers and soft drinks or with carbohydrates. They have a high glycemic index and can cause problems. Contrary to popular belief, soft drinks are worse because they have the carbohydrate and do not have the alcohol that helps to lower blood glucose, "explains the president of Anad.
Alcoholic drink -diabetes 9. Alcoholic drink may because the diabetes remedy has alcohol and does not mal
The rate of alcohol present in the remedies is minimal and therefore can not make this comparison. "Alcoholic beverages are allowed with restrictions," says the nutritionist.
10. Who has diabetes should only do light exercise
Truth: diabetics should be encouraged to do physical activities, respecting contraindications, if any . "In general, exercise improves glycemic levels, but when caloric expenditure is higher than nutrient replacement after training, there may be hypoglycaemia, so monitoring should be done," he says. the nutritionist.
11.Estress helps to upset diabetes
Truth: When a person gets nervous, their blood glucose rate rises. "But this is not just for diabetics," says Patricia.
12. Diabetics can use sauna and do foot scrub
Myth: Because metabolic dysfunction diabetes alters circulation and compromises blood vessels, making it difficult to heal and can cause problems in several other functions such as kidney problems and impairment of vision. "As a result of this circulatory alteration, the risks of exposure to high temperatures and thermal shocks can aggravate or trigger angiopathies and other heart problems," concludes Patricia.
Habits such as poor diet or lack of physical activity are some of the factors that trigger obesity. However, researchers have found that common environmental pollutants could also contribute to the buildup of fats. According to the researchers, small amounts of household dust could stimulate fat cells to accumulate more triglycerides or fat.
Proteste performed quality tests in Japanese food restaurants in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. Among the ten evaluated restaurants, the salmon of nine of them had above acceptable levels of hygiene indicator microorganisms. Although not always harmful to health, these microorganisms may signal inadequate sanitary conditions during processing, production and storage of food.