8 Causes of itching in the vagina
Itching in the vagina is a nuisance present in the lives of many women, and can range from a simple allergy to the presence of more serious diseases such as STDs. "Irritant processes for some external product, parasitoses, HPV infection, candidiasis, allergies and diseases like psoriasis, dermatitis and even cancer have as a common symptom the vaginal itch," explains the gynecologist Fabio Laginha, in charge of the Women's Clinic of Hospital 9 de However, if there are no other symptoms related to itching, such as burning, secretion of color and strange odor, pain when urinating, redness, swelling and pain in the act of sexual intercourse, among other signs, are great the chances of being an irritation that can be controlled with changing some habits. The best way to prevent genital irritation is to associate correct hygiene, such as washing your hands before and after going to the bathroom, with regular visits to your gynecologist. Check for the most common causes of irritation in the intima and stay free of itching in the vagina:
1 - Improper use of soap
"Excessive or decreased hygiene of the intimate area can lead to irritation because it changes the protective fat layer of the region, fundamental for maintaining hydration of the skin and protecting the vulvar bacterial microflora, "explains gynecologist Rose Amaral of the Gynecology Department of Unicamp and board of the Society of Sexually Transmitted Diseases of São Paulo.
In addition, the vagina has an acid pH, while normal soaps have alkaline or neutral pH, and using them could cause such changes in the vaginal flora, damaging the bacteria in the area and favoring irritations. "Perfumes can also be irritating, even with an intimate soap suitable for the area, so products should be as neutral as possible," explains gynecologist Sueli Raposo of Exame laboratory in Brasilia. The correct thing is to do the hygiene of the area at least once a day, using only the foam and the product that most suits your needs - remembering that the closer to the neutral in odors and pH the better.
2 - Underwear
Another very common cause of allergy and itching in the vagina is the undergarment fabric, which is in direct contact with the vulva. "The best fabric will vary according to the woman's body, but the most recommended ones for daily use are cotton or silk, without dyeing," explains gynecologist Flavia Fairbanks of São Paulo.
"Another important issue is the vaginal pH, which can be altered depending on the lingerie used, causing allergy," he adds.
3 - Underwear with tight elastic
"The use of tight elastic is inadvisable, as it causes discomfort and constant trauma," he said. warns gynecologist Rose. The gynecologist Fabio Laginha, explains that the tight elastic of the underwear causes friction with the skin, resulting in dark spots or even varicose veins and cellulite, besides promoting irritation. "Very tight underwear also impairs local ventilation, increasing the chances of itching in the vagina," adds the gynecologist Flavia.
4 - Very tight pants
"Several infections are caused by bacteria or fungi that can be caused by the double 'tight clothing and sweat', among them is the candidiasis, "says gynecologist Flavia. Tight pants with heavy fabrics, such as jeans, cause increased moisture and heat in the intimate area, making it the ideal environment for the proliferation of these micro-organisms.5 - External Absorbent
"Women may develop irritations and allergies to the external absorbent, provided it has strong odors or is more sensitive to absorbent properties," explains Rose Amaral. Those who do not carry cotton on the cover ask for more alert because they stifle the region more easily. "After noting that the irritation is due to the use of the absorbent, one should try to change the brand of the product or seek alternatives, such as the internal absorbent and the menstrual cup." According to Rosane Bleivas Bergwerk, allergy and immunology specialist, this is a type of contact dermatitis.
Depending on the severity of the allergy, another alternative is the interruption of menstruation, which should be discussed with a gynecologist. "For all products, it is best to obey trading time and keep the region clean," says gynecologist Flavia. In some cases, the allergy may be being caused by the plastic constituting the outer absorbent flaps. In this case, simple replacement with the flapless version can minimize vaginal itching. "In case of doubt, talk to your gynecologist and ask for laboratory tests to identify the reason for the allergy."
6 - Using Daily Absorbers
Following the same logic of tight clothing, the use of daily absorbents is also one of the causes of irritation and itching in the vagina. "The product will cause a drowning in the intimate area, which will sweat more and will be an easy target for microorganisms, causing irritation and discharge," says gynecologist Sueli. If there are even situations in which you wish to use them, Paulo César Giraldo, of the Brazilian Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Associations (Febrasgo), recommends that they be porous.
7 - Depilation in the intimate area
According to dermatologist Rose, the hair removal itself - whether with waxes or blades - leaves the skin of the vulva with pores half open or even with small fissures, favoring infections. That is why, says the expert, it is important to focus on pre and post-shave care. "Sanitizing the area well before and washing and using calming products soon after the procedure is fundamental to avoid irritations," he explains. In the event of an intense post-shaving reaction, wash the area thoroughly, use chamomile tea and consult your gynecologist if there is no improvement. It is also important that all material is disposable and for personal use. "In the depilation of the intimate area, it is recommended to preserve a hair band with 2 cm in average, because the hairs protect the area, avoiding the direct friction with clothes and absorbents", emphasizes the gynecologist Fabio
8 - Lack of hygiene in sexual intercourse
Vaginal itching and some irritation in the area may occur after intercourse. This is usually due to the lack of hygiene of the woman or partner, as well as the lack of a condom. Gynecologist Sueli explains that the friction of the sexual intercourse can cause small fissures in the skin, favoring an irritation, and lack of hygiene before the sexual act increases the chances of a contamination. "The use of condoms during sexual intercourse can decrease this friction or even contact with microorganisms that are present in the partner's body," the specialist adds.
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