8 Habits to have whiter teeth
Whiter teeth are the desire of many people, and it is often possible to get them by changing little habits from day to day. See some of the following:
1. Drink water
Water consumption is good for the body and for oral health as it helps in the production of saliva, which is essential for cleaning and diluting food waste and balancing acidity.
Saliva is composed by 99% of water and 1% of organic and inorganic substances, among the inorganic we have, for example, sodium, chlorine, calcium, phosphate and bicarbonate. Among the organic substances we have proteins and enzymes such as amylase and lysozyme.
2. Proper hygiene
It is very important to perform oral hygiene always after meals, thus reducing the contact time of plaque and food residue with the dental surface, thus reducing the possibility of penetration of food pigments between the crystals of the tooth, minimizing the chance of staining and darkening of the teeth
And do not forget the dental floss: it is the best tool for removing food debris and plaque that form between the teeth, it is fundamental to use the wire for maintenance and cleaning of these regions, thus maintaining whiter teeth.
3. Prefer fibrous foods
High fiber foods are allied with whiter teeth because the fibers generate a greater friction on the dental surface leading to a mechanical cleaning by removing plaque and food residues that may be attached to the tooth. In addition, high-fiber foods also often stimulate salivation, and as we have already seen, saliva is very important to neutralize acidity and prevent demineralization of teeth and also to dilute residues present on the dental surface.
4. Beware of simple carbohydrates
Refined carbohydrates, which include white bread, wheat flour, crackers, white rice, noodles and pasta, when metabolized by salivary enzymes can undergo fermentation. This fermentation produces lactic acid, which demineralizes the enamel of the teeth and can cause damage to the dentin, accelerating the yellowing.
5. Avoid the cigarette
The cigarette causes dental dimming by releasing substances with dark pigments, leading to the formation of stains on the teeth, in addition nicotine generates a decrease in salivary flow, which is responsible for maintaining buccal pH, and adequate hydration of the teeth.
6. Chewing gum can help!
Gum sweetened with xylitol is an anticarious agent. Xylitol is a five-carbon sugar that can not be metabolized by oral bacteria. Twenty minutes of chewing seems to cause an increase in salivary pH to more than 5.5 times, which helps remove bacterial plaque, in addition to neutralizing the pH levels of the mouth also increases the production of saliva.
But the habit of chewing gum can cause damage to the temporomandibular joints and should not be a daily or frequent habit.
7. Beware of dark foods
For those who are concerned about keeping their teeth whiter and for the longest time the ideal is to minimize the consumption of heavily pigmented foods. Coffee, dark tea, wine, are substances that have strong pigments that can penetrate between the crystals of the teeth which can lead to darkening and staining, so the high consumption and frequency of ingestion of these foods should be avoided for those who want to keep their teeth whiter.
8. Choose your mouthwash well
Mouthwash containing chlorhexidine in its composition can influence the darkening of teeth. When these mouthwashes are used randomly and there is no proper brushing and flossing, chlorhexidine may have the side effect of browning plaque present generally on surfaces that have not been properly scrubbed, causing brown stains that are difficult to remove.
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