8 Tips to Avoid and Control Hypertension
Controlling hypertension with medicines is routine in the lives of 1/4 of Brazilians. The disease, which overloads the heart, is chronic and can cause severe vision, kidney and brain problems, as well as causing myocardial infarction. But small attitudes can either prevent the condition or help control it.
"Bad habits at the table and sedentary lifestyle help to increase cases of hypertension." Many patients live with the disease and do not know, because it has no symptoms. "says José Kawazoe Lazzoli, a specialist in cardiology and president of the Brazilian Society of Exercise and Sports Medicine (SBME).
In order to address this condition, medications are essential in many cases. But the change in behavior also transforms your health. Below, the cardiologist points out a series of habits that, diluted daily, help you to live healthier without relying on the pharmacy.
1. Check blood pressure monthly
According to the expert, even those who do not suffer from the disease need to be aware and measure the pressure at least once a year. "About 25 percent of the adult population is hypertensive, but most of them do not even suspect it, and ignore the care and may suffer from more serious problems in the future." But it is not worth measuring the pressure anyway:
- Rest 15 minutes earlier, in a quiet place
- If you have smoked, wait 30 minutes
- Do not speak during the procedure
- Remain lying down or sitting during the procedure
- Empty the bladder
- After exercise, wait 30 minutes
- And do not drink coffee 20 minutes before the measurement
2. Avoid Overweight
The large amount of body fat also affects the increase in blood pressure. Ending the excess weight is a great suggestion for those who do not want to take risks. "It is as if the heart were forced to increase the force to pump the blood toward the other organs. When the weight decreases, we often reduce the dose of the medicines," says the cardiologist. Maintain a healthy diet
There are a range of foods that can trigger or aggravate the disease. "Excess salt and saturated fats, as well as the intake of trans fats, are friends of hypertension. Avoiding them is critical to keeping the disease away and / or controlling it," says the doctor. Reduce consumption of alcohol
According to the expert, moderate consumption of alcohol is not harmful to blood pressure, but exaggerating the dose can cause havoc. "Excessive alcohol consumption compromises the whole organism, including blood pressure," he says.
5. Calm the nerves
In isolation, stress is not capable of causing hypertension, but when combined with other risk factors can aggravate the condition. "Seeking alternatives to live more peacefully, the heart tends to work better and the doses of the medications may even decrease," says the cardiologist. Below the smoke
The cigarette should be kept off - and well away - if the desire is to stay away from the risks of hypertension. Smoking is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease. The toxic substances in the cigarette cause the arteries to stiffen, a fact that compromises the passage of blood flow and causes the pressure to rise, "says the cardiologist.
7. Do not take medicines without a prescription
No self-medicating and running Hypertension drugs should be prescribed after a series of tests. "Each person has a different level of elevated blood pressure, so it is important to note that misuse of these medications can even contribute to the worsening of the condition. The remedy that works for a friend will certainly not work for you, "warns the specialist.8. Time to move the body
Sedentary people are five times more likely to develop high blood pressure than physically active individuals. "Regular exercise helps control blood pressure levels because it improves the physical conditioning of the heart, so it does not get overwhelmed," he says.
Furthermore, regular exercise has an anti- hypertensive by helping to burn the extra pounds. "It is not enough to lose weight, it is necessary to reduce this fat mass," he explains. "Physical activity facilitates blood circulation, improves oxygenation and automatically collaborates to reduce high blood pressure," says José Kawazoe Lazzoli.
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