9 Facts about homosexuality you need to know
The prejudice and the violence practiced against homosexual people in Brazil deserve attention of the society. National and international registries place the country in the ranking of the most dangerous places and most commit crimes of discrimination of gender and sexual orientation. Unfortunately, many of the cases of discrimination against these people are practiced by the relatives themselves. This type of attitude deprecates, humiliates and places human beings on the margins of society in a vulnerable condition.
Our editorial team spoke with the director of the Brazilian Society of Family and Community Medicine, Rodrigo Lima, and the psychologist Raquel Baldo as to clarify the lack of information and prejudice directed at homosexual persons. Here are nine ideas that need to be clarified:
1. Being homosexual is not a disease
"Categorically being homosexual is not a disease. In the past, homosexuality was understood as a disorder of behavior, we now know that it is only a variation of personality." homosexuality would be a disease comes from 1968 when the American Classification for Mental Disorders was published, in which homosexuality was listed as one of them. After that, in 1973 the American Psychiatric Association voted that the issue should no longer be treated as a psychiatric problem, which really only happened in 1987.
However, only in 1992, with the publication of ICD-10 International of Diseases), by the World Health Organization (WHO), homosexuality definitively ceased to be considered a disease or psychiatric disorder.
2. Knowing whether sexual orientation is defined by genetics, at birth or by social conditions still divides opinions
This is a question that still divides researchers and experts around the world. The people and demands are very different, and there are several lines that try to explore every possibility of each of the options. Next, the psychologist and family doctor explain their views on the subject:
When we are born, we are not homosexual or heterosexual, we are a being in formation and everything that we will experience and feel since birth will influence it. We only have one gender at the moment because the society places this determination.
With growth, the child begins to love both Mom and Dad, which is a bisexualized question, but that is not related to gender and yes with the perception of love.
There is no age at which sexuality would be defined, despite theories that try to prove it. Therefore, homosexuality is not a thoughtful and chosen act, it is an unconscious impulse that is lived and felt.
If you perceive gay it has to do with many factors, even physiological ones - which studies are trying to prove through changes in the body. But the main one is related to the love learning lived in the first years of life in the family base, even though it is very traditional. I do not believe that we are born conscious of the desires we will manifest throughout our lives, so we will not observe a heterosexual, homo or bisexual behavior in a child. . This behavior will be manifested over time and influenced by the environment in which it is inserted.
There is no evidence of a particular gene that is related to the presence or absence of homosexuality, as well as other personality variations. However, it is likely that some genetic load may play a role in this direction, but we can not assert that there is nothing proven.
What we do know is that homosexuality arises in the most different contexts and settings in the world, where there is more repression or more permissiveness, and this does not intervene in the amount of homosexuals. It only interferes with whether we will know it or not, because where there is more repression the tendency is for people to express themselves less.
3. Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) is not exclusive to homosexuals
This is more a matter of less knowledge about health and STDs in the past. HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) and its aggravation, AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome), are closely related to this type of prejudice.
In 1982, the first cases of AIDS in the world were classified. They were related to homosexual men, sex workers, hemophiliacs, and injecting heroin users. Soon, the frequency with which these men were affected became known, and the disease became known as "gay cancer." Lima explains that when homosexual behavior became a little more open in society, it was common for these men would frequent the same circles and end up relating to each other. What at a time when condoms were not so widespread and nothing was known about the disease, it caused them to spread rapidly between them. "However, today this has changed and we already know that there is no risk group for HIV, but risky behavior, which involves all people equally, "says Lima. This means that anyone who is exposed to the virus through unprotected sex, sharing infected infected piercing instruments, or vertical transmission (from mother to child), is prone to developing the disease.
4. It is possible to be attracted to men and women at the same time.
In the same way that there is heterosexuality (being attracted to people of the opposite sex) and homosexuality (same sex), there is also bisexuality, that is, the person is attracted by both sexes. "This is a normal variation in behavior and does not mean a problem," says Lima.
5. Homosexuality is not a "contagious". "Homosexuality is not a virus, a bacterium, a disease, a syndrome, or even a deformation, that is, it is not something that can be 'caught'. the psychologist Raquel. She further explains that there is a law on this issue in which health professionals can not use terms like "cure" or "contagion", precisely because it is not a disease and misconceived. Children who have contact with gays will not necessarily be homosexual
Just as we have seen that homosexuality is not a disease, so it is not contagious, it is also wrong to say that children who have contact with gays will find themselves in this way. > Psychologist Raquel explains that what makes a person homo or heterosexual is the particular experiences of her, either the mind or the body, along with the experiences of the environment in which she lives, the pleasures and displeasures she will have since baby and "Throughout the growth it will determine their identifications, desires and non-desires, then it has nothing to do with the 'example.' A child may see a 'gay kiss', be a daughter of a homosexual couple and be heterosexual without any problem and vice versa, "says the psychologist.
7. This story came from a book released in 2014 by a Dutch neurologist named Dick Frans Swaab, who believes that homosexuality would be linked to a change in hormone composition in the formation of the brain during the pregnancy. gestation.
However, there are no studies that corroborate and definitively prove the doctor's speech. According to Lima, "this is nonsense, does it make no sense at all?"
8. Heterosexuality and homosexuality are not necessarily "forever"
"Since it is not a disease, there is no 'treatment' to stop being gay. Homosexuality is a variation of behavior, so it can manifest itself in different ways during life.There are people who experience homosexual experiences and then they do not feel more pleasure in that, "explains Lima.
According to experts, the same can happen to all people, including a 50-year-old heterosexual man, married and with children, for example. The implications of this change will be different for everyone, and include the reaction of family and friends around them. "Unfortunately, people get very attached to labels: being homosexual, hetero or bisexual.Including some homosexuals consider it a 'betrayal' "But before we are any of these labels we are human beings, this is not a matter of losing or gaining anything," Rachel says.
However, it is important to note that "treatments" that promise make the person stop being homosexual are not accepted as true and are prohibited by the Federal Council of Psychology.
9. It is not possible to "prevent" homosexuality
"Preventing" or "preventing" homosexuality from happening is not possible, since it is not a disease. Psychologist Raquel explains that, however normal it may be for parents to imagine their children's future, "trying to determine this is actually a very selfish desire."
What you can do is treat sexuality more naturally , teach the child that his or her body is valuable and needs respect, as well as that of the friend and the friend. Parents can show that they are heterosexual, because daddy likes girls and moms as boys, but it is not possible and it does not work to try to impose this behavior, and the same goes for the opposite.
deny or teach homosexuality. "There is no book that is emotionally, socially or psychically healthy that will induce what a person should or should not do. There is not only a hetero or homosexual way of being, there is a way for each one, so there is nothing to prevent" , Rachel finishes.
A study published in the journal Arthritis & Rheumatism found that women who have problems getting to sleep or staying asleep are more likely to develop fibromyalgia than those who sleep well. The analysis was conducted by researchers from the University of Science and Technology in Norway. The study looked at more than 12,000 women aged 20 years or older who had no pain or muscle stiffness for a period of 10 years.
In 2000, 10,667 AIDS reports were registered, with 28.8 new cases per 100,000 inhabitants. Already last year, 7,706 infections were diagnosed, with an incidence rate of 18.5 new cases per 100,000 inhabitants. Another good news was the decrease in the number of deaths. In 2011, 3,006 people died of AIDS, while 4,181 deaths were recorded in 2000, a decrease of 28% in absolute numbers.
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