About 28.9% of those affected by the tragedy of Mariana are in depression
A study carried out by the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Minas Gerais on the mental health of residents of Mariana, reached by the rupture of the dam in November 2015, found that 30% of those affected by the leak suffer from depression.
According to the publication, 32% of the interviewees were diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder, which shows a prevalence three times higher than that of the Brazilian population.
Interviewees reported not only symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder but also episodes of post-traumatic stress disorder, suicide risk, and psychotropic substance-related disorders such as alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, crack cocaine, and cocaine. . To give you an idea, the risk of suicide was found in about 16.4% of those interviewed, who claimed that they had a death wish, suicidal ideation, or that they said they planned to commit suicide in the past month or have acknowledged that they have attempted suicide put an end to one's life.
Children were also emotionally affected. According to the study, the children's public presented criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder, exceeding 82%.
The report elaborated shows that the sickness of the population is related to the stress and processes of social suffering that families have experienced . Researchers say that concerns about compensation, loss of employment, breakdown of social ties, along with physical and chronic illnesses can lead to a diagnosis of depression in populations affected by disasters. can encourage a discussion about public policies and health planning, as well as allow a better orientation and allocation of resources and establish programs adapted to the current reality of the population. It was also signaled the importance of action plans in cases of tragedy to minimize mental health disorders.
In note, the Renova Foundation, an institution created as an agreement between miners and governments with the aim to manage the actions of repairing the tragedy said qe is developing research on the mental health of those affected. In the statement, the foundation says that it has spared no efforts to guarantee access to health care for those affected.
Mariana's tragedy has resulted in the leaking of approximately 39 million cubic meters of tailings that have caused devastation of native vegetation and pollution of tributaries and of the Rio Doce, reaching its mouth in the Holy Spirit. Nineteen people died and communities were destroyed. The districts of Bento rodrigues and Paracatu, both in Mariana, were dragged by the mud. The episode is considered the biggest environmental tragedy in Brazil.
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