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Tranquilizers' abuse may increase Alzheimer's risk

Tranquilizers' abuse may increase Alzheimer's risk

According to data from a study developed at the University of Bordeaux (France), the chronic consumption of benzodiazepines (BZD) - tranquilizer medicine - increases the risks of Alzheimer's. performed with 3,777 individuals aged 65 years and over who took BZD for a period of two to ten years. The risk of Alzheimer's among those who took benzodiazepine for longer increased between 20% and 50%. The researchers say that authorities need to react and take into account that the consumption of tranquilizers and sleeping pills among the elderly is chronic and, in many cases, the prescription of this medicine is not very targeted. For students, the idea is to minimize the prescription of this type of medication for the elderly over 65.

Prevent Alzheimer's Disease

We clarify six doubts about Alzheimer's Disease

Among the many causes of dementia, Alzheimer's disease stands out, being a popularly known disease. Some information, such as the complex diagnosis and multidisciplinary treatment that patients require, often goes through.

Here are six questions that uncover curious details involved in the malady. In the list below, the neurologist Antonio Galvão of the Hospital Nove de Julho explains what the different levels of the disease are, how the treatment with the participation of animals works and how to find out if you are a victim of Alzheimer's Disease. Alzheimer's disease is divided into three phases: initial, intermediate and late, and has gradual progression. In most cases, the initial phase is the one with the most variations in symptoms.

2- How is the treatment approach involving animals?

There are many references to the so-called pet therapy. With it, behavioral improvements are noticed in patients with Alzheimer's disease. It is worth remembering, however, that animal therapy seems to be beneficial for several other conditions, such as children with mental retardation, depression and psychotics. Therefore, therapy is not the exclusive treatment of patients with dementia. In general, it is important for the AD patient to be encouraged to develop emotionally rewarding activities, based on their preferences and beliefs prior to illness. 3- This type of treatment is effective in all cases or the indication is variable?

Patient's personal preferences should be taken into account for any type of distraction and socialization therapy.

4- The patient himself is able to recognize the first signs of illness or regular check-ups are they central to this?

The Cognitive Deficit or Mild Cognitive Impaired (CBI) patient often notices his memory deficits, but it is often the family that encourages him to seek a doctor. Alzheimer's patients, for example, lose their critical thinking about their mental condition and, in almost all cases, are taken to the doctor by their relatives.

It is recommended that patients with Alzheimer's disease have a fixed caregiver, with whom establish relationships of respect and friendship. The caregiver can be a relative, or not. But it is critical that you be empowered to engage in distraction strategies and exercises to improve patient behavior. Another important point to remember is that the behavioral problems of the disease can be aggravated by changes in the environment in which the patient lives, such as housing or hospitalization, or by crises and family conflicts.

5- Evil can be identified at a common check-up or from certain age specific tests are advisable?

Before the initial manifestations of the disease, there is no examination capable of detecting the disease. In addition, even with AD, clinical diagnosis is essential. Specific tests are not advised before the onset of symptoms, not even genetic testing.

6- Does Alzheimer's affect more men or women?

AD affects women more. This probably reflects the greater longevity of females over males, since the incidence of the disease increases with age.

Remedies arise as a solution to treat more severe acne

Remedies arise as a solution to treat more severe acne

Isotretinoin Isotretinoin is one of the most common medications in the treatment of acne. Known by Roacutan, this oral retinoid appears as an alternative mainly in cases where there is no response to oral antibiotics. This substance acts directly on the sebaceous gland, decreasing its size and secretion of sebum and, consequently, consistently reducing the colonization of bacteria on the skin.


Second-trimester fetal ultrasonography: what is the test?

Second-trimester fetal ultrasonography: what is the test?

Second-trimester fetal ultrasonography is the one performed between 20 and 24 weeks of gestational age (or the beginning of the 21st to the end of the 24th week) of pregnancy. It is an ultrasound examination that consists of evaluating the structures of each segment of the fetus (head, neck, spine, chest, abdomen, external genitalia and extremities) and of the amniotic fluid, umbilical cord and placenta with color Doppler .