According to the Ministry of Health, 5.6% of Brazilian adults suffer from diabetes
Another finding was the proportion of men and women with diabetes. The disease was more common among females (6%) than among males (5.2%). The difference can be explained by the greater demand for health services by the first group.
The research also pointed out differences according to the age of the participants. Thus, 21.6% of people over 65 years of age had a diagnosis of the disease, while in the age range between 55 and 64 years, 15.2% had the disease. By age 18-24, the rate dropped to 0.6 percent.
Seven changes that help to cope well with diabetes
The analysis by cities shows that the capital with the highest percentage of people with diabetes is Fortaleza, with 7.3% of the adults with the disease. In second place comes Vitoria, with 7.1% and then Porto Alegre, with 6.3%. The Ministry also reported that the number of hospitalizations due to diabetes in the Unified Health System (SUS) increased by 10% between 2008 and 2008, respectively, in Goiânia (4.1%) and Manaus (4.2%). and 2011, going from 131,734 to 145,869. However, there was a decrease compared to 2010, when hospitalizations totaled 148,452. In 2009, 52,104 deaths were reported throughout the country. According to the Ministry of Health, Deborah Malta, non-communicable chronic diseases account for 72% of deaths in the country, according to the general coordinator of Surveillance of Diseases and Noncommunicable Diseases of the Ministry of Health, Deborah Malta. Therefore, it reinforced the importance of preventive methods against the disease, since the main risk factors for diabetes are obesity, smoking, being overweight and cultivating an unbalanced diet.
Seven changes that help to get along with the disease Diabetes
Diabetes affects millions of people around the world. The problem can lead to loss or weight gain, is a risk factor for cardiovascular problems and, in more severe cases, cause organ failure (kidneys, eyes) and even death. However, despite being a chronic disease, it is possible to get along well with diabetes - it is enough for the patient to have healthy habits and follow the medical indications correctly. In addition, he is completely controllable. So, look at the changes that improve the lives of people with diabetes.
1. Invest in the right menu
"Diabetic patients should avoid simple sugars (present in sweets and simple carbohydrates, such as pasta and breads), as they are absorbed very quickly, leading to blood sugar spikes and, consequently, medium and long complications term ", according to the endocrinologist Josivan Lima of the Brazilian Society of Endocrinology and Metabology - SBEM. A good tip is to drink plenty of water, which helps remove excess blood glucose, which will be eliminated through the urine.
2. Say no to physical inactivity
Physical activity is essential in treating diabetes to keep blood sugar levels in check and to avoid the risks of weight gain. "The practice of exercise should be performed three to five times a week. There is a restriction in cases of hypoglycaemia, so patients should not start physical activity with very low blood glucose, at the risk of further lowering levels. Therefore, physical activity should be avoided when diabetes is uncontrolled, with very high blood glucose levels.
3. Adapt to Insulin Applications
Forget the scary injections. Today, most patients with type 1 diabetes, who need to use insulin more frequently, use their own pen for this function, which causes less discomfort because they have smaller needles and more flexible silicone material.
4. Alcohol consumption is not prohibited, but it should be moderate and should never be empty, since alcohol consumption alone can cause hypoglycaemia because alcohol tends to reduce glycemic rates. What can cause nausea, body tremors, excessive hunger, irritation and headaches.
5. Avoid vascular problems
Diabetes causes acceleration of hardening of the arteries, leading to poor tissue irrigation. The coronary arteries are affected, which can lead to cardiac infarction, in addition to the renal arteries, leading to severe renal insufficiency.
The disease also affects the microcirculation, that is, injuring the small arteries (arterioles) that nourish the tissues, which reach especially the legs and feet. It is therefore important that when walking, cold and pale feet, wounds that do not heal easily, tingling, "weakness in the legs", an angiologist or vascular surgeon, who can evaluate the symptoms more accurately and take medical measures to prevent further damage, such as amputation of the affected limb.
6. Increase eye care
Ophthalmologic follow-up of people with diabetes is recommended because of the greater fragility of their cornea. Diabetic cornea cells do not have the adherence that is found in most non-diabetics. This fragility is the gateway to a host of opportunistic infections.
7. Controlling stress
People with diabetes are more likely to have anxiety and depression. Patients may experience a sense of anxiety regarding the control of hypoglycemia, insulin application, or weight gain. "Patients with diabetes who become anxious and stressed tend to be less careful about blood sugar levels, which increases the risk of complications," says Josivan.
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