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Adderall: substance is used in the treatment of ADHD

Adderall: substance is used in the treatment of ADHD

Adderall, or adderall XR, is a central nervous system-stimulating drug, such as amphetamines. It is used in several countries, such as the United States, for the treatment of patients with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and in some cases narcolepsy - a sleep disorder in which the person is very drowsy during sleep. day and even temporary bouts of muscle weakness.

It is also known for its illegal use, for people who want to increase concentration and go well on exams, for example, and more rarely as a drug for weight loss. However, there are a number of adverse effects and problems related to adderall, including dependence (addiction) in the drug.

How does adderall work in the body?

Adderall contains a mixture of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine salts (stimulants) and its effect consists basically of increased activity of neurotransmitters (molecules that communicate from one neuron to another), such as norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin. This makes the person more awake, agitated, less hungry and increases the activity of various organs, such as the heart.

Pharmaceutical forms available

Outside of Brazil, adderall XR is available in capsules with 5mg, 10mg, 15mg , 20mg, 25mg or 30mg of active substances, but is only sold under special control to restrain abusive use and to prevent dependence (addiction) on the medicine.

Indications of adderall

The main indications of adderall, although not have been approved in Brazil, are for the treatment of Attention Deficit Disorder (ADHD) - in which the person basically has a lot of difficulty concentrating, impulsivity and restlessness - and in some cases of narcolepsy, which is a disorder of the sleep disorder characterized by uncontrollable episodes of sleep during the day, sometimes even accompanied by muscle weakness.

It is important to note that even in the case of ADHD, the main indication of the medication, it should only be used with It is part of a comprehensive treatment program, which includes counseling and other non-drug therapies.

Why is adderall known as the "good note pill"?

As adderall stimulates the central nervous system, it stops the more awakened, sleepless, concentrated student and ultimately increasing his self-confidence, which makes it easy for him to spend long hours studying or supporting extensive exams. It is a kind of student doping.

However, it may happen that the person focuses on things that are not necessarily the subject and end up not preparing for the evaluation. There are also cases where after spending the entire evening studying the student, he / she does the test with such self-confidence that he / she ends up writing answers that are not connected to the questions and doing a very poor performance. Likewise, some workers from extremely competitive sectors use of the drug for this purpose to stay awake at night may cause a number of health damages (see under the heading "risks of use without a medical indication") and workplace risks.

Adderall contraindications

In addition to contraindications for misuse such as arrhythmia or arteriosclerosis, also in the case of hyperthyroidism, glaucoma, motor agitation, schizophrenia, or with a history of hypertension, such as in people who seek to increase their concentration or lose weight, is contraindicated. psychotic episodes and / or drug abuse

Adderall's most common adverse reactions

Adverse reactions of addera ll will depend on the person who is using the medicine, the dose and the time of use.

Among the

severe adverse events associated with the use of this drug are: growth retardation (body weight and height) in children

  • seizures, especially in patients with a history of the problem
  • vision changes or blurred vision
  • Among the

common side effects include: headache

  • decreased appetite
  • stomach pain
  • nervousness
  • trouble sleeping
  • mood changes
  • weight loss
  • dizziness
  • dry mouth
  • tachycardia (fast heart)
  • Other health conditions related to the use of adderall are:

sudden death in patients who have heart problems

  • accident cerebral palsy
  • myocardial infarction
  • increased blood pressure and heart rate
  • peripheral vasculopathy, including Raynaud's phenomenon
  • numbness, cold, and pain in the fingers or toes that may turning pale, bluish or red
  • Psychotic symptoms such as hearing voices non-existent To be sure, unrealistic beliefs or unwarranted mistrust are more common in children and adolescents.

Risks of continued use of adderall with medical advice

When adderall is recommended by a doctor, it may be that the patient has to do use of the drug for long periods. In these cases, the specialist in charge, usually the psychiatrist, should monitor this person regularly.

The psychiatrist should check for changes in blood, heart, and blood pressure during treatment. If you are using adderall as a child, it should also be monitored for your weight and height.

If a problem is identified during treatment, your doctor may stop using this medication and indicate other therapeutic possibilities.

Risk of using adderall without a medical indication

The greatest risk of using adderal without a medical indication is the dependence it can cause, which would require a rehabilitation treatment that is quite similar to that used by people addicted to various drugs. This is because without the medical indication, in addition to the person not having the need to use the medication, the use is usually made in larger doses than recommended and for a very prolonged period.

Among other risks, when taken by a person with a previous contraindication, such as schizophrenia, adderall may increase the symptoms of the disease or even facilitate its appearance (when it has not yet manifested itself). There are also risks related to the proper functioning of vital organs, such as the heart, since the medicine is stimulant and therefore accelerates the heartbeat. Other risks are:

increased blood pressure

  • intoxication
  • irritability
  • triggering manic attacks in bipolar patients
  • triggering psychotic outbreaks
  • In the case of young people who get the drug on the market illegal, the risks do not change even in the case of the healthiest, on the contrary. Considering that the brain of adolescents is undergoing several modifications at this stage of maturation, the use of amphetamines during this period of age can lead to potentially harmful consequences throughout life - as well as the use of various drugs such as cocaine. > How does dependence (addiction) occur in adderall?

Amphetamines, present in adderall, stimulate communication between neurons, including those using the neurotransmitter called dopamine. Many of the neurons that release dopamine are activated when the person consumes something that gives pleasure, like sweet foods, or does something pleasurable like sex.

Amphetamine acts as an artificial means of activating these neurons that communicate signs of pleasure and by The problem is that with the repeated use of amphetamines, they end up modifying the functioning of the neurons that control pleasure, known as the neural pathway of reward, and the individual may lose control of the use of the drug and consume it compulsively because of this change in their neurons. In this way, the person becomes dependent and puts the use of the drug ahead of all the priorities of his life.Another problem is that it is not possible to predict with certainty who will become dependent or not, so the controlled use and for a short time is essential for the patient who really needs the drug does not become dependent.

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