Physical activity in adolescence reduces the risk of cognitive problems
Physically active women at any time of life (adolescent, at 30 years, 50 or in old age ) have a lower risk of cognitive decline in old age compared to those who are inactive. However, physical activity in adolescence appears to be more important, according to a study of more than 9,000 women in the Health Sciences Center , Canada, published in the American Geriatrics Society journal. There is growing evidence to suggest that people who are physically active, mid-life and at the end have a lower chance of dementia and fewer risks of cognitive impairment in old age. However, there is less understanding of the importance of early life and physical activity and the relative importance of physical activity at different ages.
Researchers led by PhD Laura Middleton compared physical activity in women. Of the participants, 15.5%, 29.7%, 28.1% and 21.1% reported being physically inactive in adolescence, at age 30, at age 50, and at age respectively. The increase in cognitive deficit for those who were inactive was between 50% and 100% at each moment. When physical activity measures for all four age groups were inserted into a single model and adjusted for variables such as age, schooling, marital status, diabetes, hypertension, depression, smoking, and BMI (Body Mass Index), only the level of physical activity in adolescence remained significantly associated with cognitive performance in old age. p>
Researchers also found that women who were physically inactive in their teens and became physically active in their 30s and 50s had significantly reduced the chances of cognitive impairment to those who remained physically inactive. In contrast, being physically active at age 30 and 50 years was not significantly associated with cognitive deficit rates in women who were already physically active in adolescence. In addition, physical activity reduces the rates and severity of cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypertension, obesity and type 2 diabetes.
For the neurologist Ricardo Teixeira, it is also worth remembering the behavioral benefits of physical exercise, since good habits usually attract others. "Individuals involved in regular physical activity programs are more likely to eat better, stay away from overeating and injurious habits, and follow the medical guidelines."
A low impact sport with high calorie expenditure and relaxing. It is not surprising that swimming is one of the most disputed activities of the academies. "It brings many benefits that we can take advantage of to have a healthier life, a balanced body and, above all, the chance to burn calories in a pleasant way," explains Professor Athlética Giann Fernandes da Silva.
Nowadays, it is commonplace to write or say that regular physical exercise brings health benefits. We note that the aspects most addressed by newspapers and magazines concern the health of the heart and the aesthetic and functional benefits. But, fortunately, the advantages are broader. From ancient times, physical exercise began to be recognized as an intervention that would bring advantages to its practitioners.