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Anti-smoking laws reduce hospitalizations due to cigarette-related diseases

Anti-smoking laws reduce hospitalizations due to cigarette-related diseases

Circulation on October 30. The authors of the study reviewed 45 studies that looked at the consequences of 33 anti-smoking laws applied in a number of countries over a year, including the United States, Germany and Uruguay. According to the results, laws prohibiting smoking in bars, restaurants or at work decreased hospitalizations by 15% for heart attack, 16% for hospitalizations for stroke and 24% for hospitalizations for respiratory problems, such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The research also showed that the more comprehensive laws - that is, ban smoking in bars, restaurants and also at work - are the ones that bring the greatest benefits. Scientists believe the results support the position of the American Heart Association, which believes that anti-smoking laws should extend to all workplaces and public places. . According to the authors, stronger legislation means immediate reductions in health problems related to smoking. Do you really know the dangers of smoking?

In Brazil, 23 people die every hour from smoking-related illnesses. Secondhand smoke is also a big problem. Unifesp pulmonologist Fernando Sérgio Studard explains that staying in a bar where people are smoking is tantamount to smoking four cigarettes for non-smokers. Smoking is the main cause of lung diseases, tumors and cardiovascular diseases.

Passive smoking is the inhalation of tobacco smoke (cigarettes, cigar, cigarillos, pipe and tobacco).

Passive smoking can be responsible for what diseases? other smoke producers) by non-smokers who live with smokers indoors. Exposure to cigarette smoke can increase the risk of psychiatric illness, cardiovascular mortality, respiratory disease, cancer, and chronic sinusitis, as well as worsening the hearing of adolescents.

What is the risk of smoking indoors?

Second specialists, the air of a usual smoker's residence contains three times more nicotine and carbon monoxide and up to fifty times more carcinogenic substances than the smoke that enters the user's mouth after passing through the cigarette filter. Thus, smoking in enclosed public places, in addition to being forbidden by law in some regions, is also a poison to the lungs.

To stop smoking, which is the best way?

According to the specialist pulmonologist of Unifesp, Sérgio Ricardo Santos, most people can stop without having to turn to a professional. In cases where the person can not quit the addiction on his own, the best thing to do is to find a center specialized in smoking. "Any health professional can solve the problem, both a psychologist and a pulmonologist," says the specialist.

For babies, what problems does passive smoking bring?

A study from the University of Bristol in Britain , says that 90% of mothers who lose their babies to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) are smokers. Sudden death occurs when infants up to one year die without presenting any symptoms, usually during sleep. "Exposure to tobacco smoke, both in pregnancy and postnatal, leads to a number of effects on the child's development," says Sérgio Ricardo Santos.


HEALTH

HEALTH

The reported friendships were defined at different levels from the reports of the best friends of the participants. It was also measured the degree of popularity of these individuals from the amount of friends that each. By crossing the data, the researchers found that adolescents who prioritized more quality than the amount of friends had less social anxiety, more self-esteem and fewer symptoms of depression when they turned 25.

(Health)

Swelling in the legs on travel can be avoided with leg movement

Swelling in the legs on travel can be avoided with leg movement

A year ago I made a long trip to Israel with numerous people and as a doctor and traveler, I realized and answered many questions about swelling in the legs. It is very common and very difficult for the traveler who, when arriving at an unknown place, wants to walk a lot without even remembering his legs.

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