Arthrogryposis: new fetal malformation was related to zika virus
Microcephaly is not the only concern that mothers should have about the zika virus. A Brazilian study published in the international scientific journal Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology analyzed cases in which infants, in addition to zika-linked microcephaly, also had other malformations, such as arthrogryposis, a rare disease in which there are deficiencies in the joints,
In the study, two children born in Paraíba were analyzed. One presented cerebral atrophy and calcification in the white matter in the frontal lobe. In the other child, the asymmetric hemispheres of the brain and cataracts in both eyes.
After that, six other cases of microcephaly related to zika were found in Paraíba. Three had cerebral calcifications and two showed cerebellar involvement, while one developed severe arthrogryposis.
Currently, however, there are four children with arthrogryposis and suspected zika, two are babies who died shortly after birth, and the other two are fetuses In other words, zika congenital infection may lead to more problems in the formation of the baby than microcephaly.
Because infection with zika does not always cause symptoms, when babies are born with these malformations, it is necessary first of all to exclude other diseases which lead to this type of problem in the fetus, such as toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex, syphilis and rubella.
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