Autoimmune disease increases risk of mood disorders
Treatment for an autoimmune disease - such as lupus and multiple sclerosis can be difficult, causing physical and psychological sequelae to the patient. This relationship was recently proven in a study developed by the University of Aarhus, Denmark, which shows the high incidence of mood disorders, such as depression, in people with severe infections and autoimmune conditions. The results were published on June 12 of the Journal of the American Association - Psychiatry.
The study analyzed a total of 3.56 million people born between 1945 and 1996. They were followed up between January 1 1977 and December 31, 2010. Of the participants, 91,637 hospital admissions for mood disorders were reported.
The authors found that a visit to the hospital due to autoimmune diseases increased the risk of a later diagnosis of mood disorder in 45%. In addition, any history of hospitalization for severe infection raised the incidence of mood disorders in the future by 62%. The two risk factors affecting the same patient further increase the risk. According to the study, about one-third (32%) of participants diagnosed as having a mood disorder had previous hospital contact due to an infection, while 5% had previous hospital contact due to an autoimmune disease.
According to scientists, immune responses caused by diseases can affect the brain, raising the risk for mood disorders. However, further studies are needed to prove a cause and effect relationship.
Understand Autoimmune Diseases
An autoimmune disease is a condition that occurs when the immune system attacks and destroys healthy body tissues by mistake. There are over 80 different types of autoimmune diseases and none of them have any known prevention.
Normally, leukocytes in the immune system help protect the body against harmful substances by producing antibodies. In patients with autoimmune disease, the immune system can not distinguish between healthy body tissues and antigens. The result is an immune response that destroys the body's normal tissues. The cause of this inability to distinguish between healthy body tissues and antigens is unknown. The organs or tissues normally affected by autoimmune diseases are: blood vessels, connective tissues, endocrine glands, joints, muscles, red blood cells and skin. Examples of autoimmune diseases are dermatomyositis, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and type 1 diabetes. Symptoms The symptoms of an autoimmune disease vary depending on the disease and the location of the abnormal immune response. Among the symptoms that frequently occur with autoimmune diseases are: tiredness, fever and general malaise. The symptoms of autoimmune diseases may appear and disappear. When the symptoms worsen, it is called a crisis.
The choice of treatment used depends on the specific disease and its symptoms. Some patients may need supplements to replace a missing hormone or vitamin in the body. If the autoimmune disease affects the blood, you may need to receive blood transfusions. People with autoimmune diseases that affect bones, joints, or muscles may need help to move or perform other functions. Medications are often prescribed to control or reduce the immune system response. They are called immunosuppressive drugs.
Family members and patients who are in treatment for mental illnesses like depression, panic syndrome and bipolar disorder are not always aware of information that could improve their health. One of them is the recommendation that patients who are taking drugs of the class of psychotropic drugs, that is, psychiatric medications should not interrupt treatment without medical guidance.
In the summer it seems that everything is lighter and more relaxed. The sun leaves the hottest and longest days and the high temperatures make us want to enjoy the beach, the pool and, consequently, shorter and fresher clothes. When the days begin to heat and the clothes to decrease, it is very difficult not to look in the mirror and raise all those issues that have always bothered us in our bodies.