Babies who drink bottles are more likely to become gluttons
Babies who are fed bottle soon in the first months of life seem to tend to eat more during children who are fed exclusively through breastfeeding, according to a study to be published in the June issue of Pediatrics.
Researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the United States followed the first year of life of 1250 children and found that those who took a bottle during the first six months of life, even though it was breastmilk, had a lower ability to control their appetite later.
The "bottle-feeding" effect, as it was called, may be one of the reasons the association between breastfeeding and lower risk of childhood obesity. In recent research on the effect of breastfeeding on weight gain, the focus has been on components of breast milk, such as the hormones leptin and adiponectin, which help regulate appetite and metabolism. However, the new findings suggest that feeding youngsters also matters in this regard.
The study measured self-regulation of appetite in seven-, nine- and twelve-month-old infants. The results indicated that among those exclusively breastfed in the first six months, 27% always finished the bottle, compared to 54% of those who were breastfed. who had mixed feeding and 68% of those who were fed bottle feeding from the first months of life. According to the authors, infants who had more than two-thirds of their bottle-feeding in early life were twice as likely to be breast-fed, of later bottle-emptying, even after being satisfied, than those who had less than a third of their feed made with it.
Researcher Ruowei Li said it was unclear why the relationship breastfeeding and self-regulation of appetite , but when babies are breastfed, they control the amount of milk they consume, but when parents give the bottle, they may try to make the baby empty the bottle most of the time. The researcher believes that this may interfere with the baby's innate ability to regulate his or her calorie intake in response to internal signs of appetite.
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