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Bacterial plaque can be removed by brushing and proper oral hygiene

Bacterial plaque can be removed by brushing and proper oral hygiene

BIOFILME plaque, which is the most current term, is defined by the layer of microorganisms that is firmly adhered to the surfaces of teeth. BIOFILME is made up of many colonies of bacteria, mucosal cells, blood cells, enzymes, minerals, proteins, pigments and food debris. It can be considered an ecosystem and undergoes continuous changes, varying in composition in the different places of the mouth, and person to person. It is estimated that more than five hundred microbial species are able to colonize the oral cavity, and that each of us can have about 150 to 200 species. But do not be scared, not all bacteria are bad - some are even needed.

Under normal conditions, these micro-organisms do not cause damage. Bacteria defend the oral cavity against the invasion of other organisms, such as those causing cavities and periodontitis. In addition, microorganisms contribute to the synthesis of vitamins and proteins.

Colonization expressed

bacterial plaque - Photo: Getty Images

Soon after a professional cleaning - when the biofilm is totally removed - the tooth begins to be colonized again by the bacteria. In 24 hours without sanitizing the teeth, we already have a biofilm layer clinically visible. After 24 hours, the growth of the bacterial community becomes more complex and with differences in composition: the supragingival biofilm - formed above the edge of the gingiva, the visible part of the tooth - and the subgingival biofilm formed below the gingival border in the groove of the gum where the dental floss should clean.

The lack of hygiene in the gingival sulcus facilitates inflammation of the gingiva, causing gingivitis, which in some cases may progress to periodontitis. Therefore, oral hygiene is much more than cleaning the mouth and teeth. It is a gesture of health.

Oral hygiene is much more than cleaning the mouth and teeth. It's a health gesture.

So it's very important to brush your teeth at least every eight hours, even if we have not eaten anything. The growth of bacteria does not stop, is continuous, and we need to remove BIOFILME at all times. Although well adhered to the tooth, BIOFILME is of a soft consistency and can be removed with a well-made sanitization. Tartar - those tiny calcified pebbles that accumulate between your teeth - are harder to remove and only a dentist can safely remove it.

Make sure the cleaning has been done correctly

Brush the teeth - using soft bristle brushes with a small head and making very small circular movements - is a simple act, but your dentist can give you guidelines on how to achieve effective brushing and perfect hygiene. For oral hygiene to be complete, floss and tongue scraper must be used correctly.

bacterial plaque - Photo: Eliana Avelãs

The dental wire or tape should be used at least once a day, as the use of the toothbrush, however efficient it may be, can not remove the residues deposited in the areas between the teeth. The tongue scraper is an instrument of oral hygiene designed specifically for cleaning the tongue. They are able to remove the lingual plaque, that is, the whitish plaque that covers the surface of the tongue. Cleansing the tongue is important to eliminate bad breath, reduce cavities, periodontal diseases, tartar, gum and throat infections. Today we know that many diseases of our body are caused by viruses and bacteria of the oral cavity. Although the toothpaste is not indispensable, biofilm removal is 70% higher when using a dentifrice. In addition, the formation of a new plaque is reduced by 45% with the use of toothpaste.

The use of mouthwash with fluoride is important mainly at night. During sleep the salivation decreases and thus the protective effect of the saliva against the bacteria is impaired. Some rinses have alcohol, which is not recommended for oral health - this substance can cause mucous cell desquamation. In this way it is better to choose products that do not have alcohol in their composition.

Professional cleaning or prophylaxis aims to prevent oral diseases. It is part of the prophylaxis meticulous examination of the oral cavity, teeth and gums, mucous membranes, restorations and prostheses, correction of protrusions that hinder the use of dental floss and the instruction and demonstration of how to perform proper hygiene.

Removal of tartar supragingival is done using manual instruments, as well as ultrasound. In patients with high cavities and in children, a fluoride gel is used to protect the mineralized structure of the tooth from acidic bacterial attacks.

Prophylaxis helps prevent the need for extensive and costly treatments and helps you Smile with health.

Good dental hygiene can help prevent heart infection

Good dental hygiene can help prevent heart infection

Neglecting your oral hygiene routine not only puts your smile at risk, but also increases the risk of developing an infection in the lining or valves of your heart. Generally, only patients with certain heart problems or an artificial joint are considered at high risk for the development of a heart infection called infective endocarditis (IE), and receive preventive antibiotics before a dental procedure (see ADA.


Brazil registers more than 3 thousand cases of malformations linked to zika

Brazil registers more than 3 thousand cases of malformations linked to zika

The Ministry of Health released on Tuesday (30) new data related to changes in growth and development of babies / children due to infection with the zika virus. According to the epidemiological bulletin, 3,037 cases were confirmed between November 8, 2015 and December 2, 2017. In this two-year period 15,150 cases of suspected malformations caused by zika were reported, of which 1,987 (13.