Bariatric surgery is the most effective method against morbid obesity
With the growing wave of obesity in the world, bariatric surgery is one of the most indicated interventions against morbid obesity, ie people with a body mass index (BMI) over 40 kg / m2. Currently a bariatric surgery is the most effective method for the treatment of morbid obesity, where long-term weight management is sought.
A 255% increase in the prevalence of morbid obesity in Brazil - considered "alarming", especially among men - was one of the results found in the survey conducted by researcher Leonor Maria Pacheco Santos and team, Nutrition Department of the University of Brasília. The survey included the periods 1975-1976 (0.18%), 1989 (0.33%) and 2002-2003 (0.64%).
Not following the rules imposed in post-surgery will cause serious risks health besides compromising the success of the work Bariatric surgery is a technique that was developed with the objective of improving the quality of life of the obese, as well as the extinction or even the reduction of associated comorbidities such as type 2 diabetes, According to Dr. Marcelo Zindel Salem (SP), the elderly are "more and more active, wanting quality of life, but, in the end, they are more and more active in the treatment of heart disease, hypertension, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, sleep apnea, hip and knee arthrosis and arterial obstruction. in parallel, the prevalence of obesity among the elderly has been increasing ". He also says that "obese elderly people over 65 should undergo a multidisciplinary evaluation, as they have more diseases, such as diabetes and hypertension, and take more medications." Because of the pathologies presented and the age, it is very important to evaluate the risk between surgery and obesity.
Preparation for surgery
When the option of surgery in this population is indicated, the psychology professional plays a role fundamental in this process, since it can evaluate if the patient is emotionally apt for the surgery, besides assisting him in the pre and post surgical, so that he understands all aspects involved in this process.
In the preparation for the preoperative the patient needs
Since it is an invasive procedure, you should be aware of the risks and complications, be well aware that you will have to change your relationship with the food in a significant way, as it will face a great discomfort and the need to adapt to the new diet.
Do not follow the rules impost in the post-surgery will cause serious health risks in addition to compromising the success of the work, and may even endanger one's life. In the post-surgical period, in addition to the practical adaptations that need to be followed, the patient may become very anxious, with insecurity arising due to the rapid changes that he is going through.
In this new context, the psychologist will help the patient to better understand what is feeling, adhering more safely to the treatment, taking responsibility for the choices and consequences of these.
Despite the expectation of the new body, the patient may feel difficult to accept the new image, as it will result in a new identity, a very significant change especially for people who were obese since childhood.
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