Beware of blood pressure needs to start early to protect the heart
An increase in blood pressure during middle age significantly increases the risk of having a heart attack or stroke (stroke known as stroke or stroke) in old age, according to with a study from Northwestern Medicine in the United States. The study offers a new understanding of the importance of keeping low blood pressure early in the middle age to prevent heart disease later. P>
The study used data from 61,585 participants of the
Cardiovascular Lifetime Risk Pooling Project . The first blood pressure measurement of these volunteers was at 41 years and then at 55 years. The researchers followed the patients until a first heart attack, stroke, death or until they reached the age of 95. Sources: Luiz Ferlante, cardiologist at Samaritan Hospital of São Paulo; At the end of the study, it was discovered that men who developed high blood pressure in middle age or who already had it before the start of the study have a 70% risk of having stroke or heart attack, compared to a 41% risk for those who kept blood pressure low or the pressure decreased over the study period. Women who developed hypertension had almost a 50% risk of having the above-mentioned heart disease, compared to a 22% risk in those who had kept their blood pressure low or who saw a decline in blood pressure. % chance of developing cardiovascular disease during life, while women have a 40% risk. For researchers, the study suggests that people should be warned early on, so they can decrease the chances of having heart disease throughout life.
Hypertension is the leading cause of heart failure and stroke
Blood pressure is the force that the blood exerts against the walls of the arteries. Each time your heart beats and pumps blood, your blood pressure will be higher, which is called systolic blood pressure. When the heart is at rest, between one beat and another, blood pressure decreases, it is called diastolic pressure.
High blood pressure directly increases the risk of coronary heart disease which leads to heart attack and stroke, especially if together with other risk factors. Hypertension usually has no symptoms but can cause serious problems such as heart and kidney failure. It is easy to control blood pressure through a healthy lifestyle and, if necessary, use of medication.
Hypertension can occur in children or adults, but is more common in middle-aged, elderly, obese, and alcoholics People with diabetes or kidney disease also have high blood pressure more often. According to the Heart Institute (Incor) Bruno Caramelli cardiologist, high blood pressure is not a trigger for heart failure and stroke, but rather the main risk factor. "In hypertensive patients, there is a hypertrophy (enlargement) of the heart so that the blood can be pumped forward more easily."
If the organ can not pump all the blood, there is what we call heart failure. One of the most common symptoms is difficulty breathing as the heart is swollen and steals more lung space. The specialist also notes that genetic predisposition is another determinant of hypertension.
Because it is a silent condition with almost no symptoms, the best indication is for blood pressure measurements to begin even during childhood.
With a simple, quick and painless test it is possible to detect hypertension at the same time. And it can be controlled. However, not only medication, treatment should include: weight loss, smoking cessation or drinking alcohol, low fat and salt diet, and exercise.
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