Bipolar disorder can be diagnosed in adolescence
What many parents may find to be just a teenage phase may actually indicate signs of a disorder. A research developed at the National Institute of Mental Health of the United States suggests that the first signs of bipolarity appear in adolescence and not from the age of 20, as previously thought. The main symptoms of bipolar disorder are episodes of mania and depression that alternate with one another. To measure the incidence rate of these symptoms in youngsters, researchers asked questions about mood and behavior to more than 10,000 teenagers, ages 13 to 18. The research team found that 2.5% of these young people had episodes of mania and depression in the last 12 months. In addition, 1.3% of the children presented only mania and 5.7%, only depression. All participants who presented symptoms fulfilled the criteria for diagnosis of the disease, according to a psychiatry handbook. Mood disorders were more common as the young became older. According to the survey, 1.4% of children aged 13 and 14 met the criteria for mania, while nearly double the number of adolescents aged 17 and 18 had the disorder. For the authors, the rates of mood disorders found among adolescents are close to what is seen in adults, confirming the thesis that symptoms appear in youth.
Know How to Treat Bipolar Disorder
Diagnosis of Bipolar Disorder
According to the psychotherapist and My Life specialist Evelyn Vinocur, it is common for mothers to get to the doctor's office saying that the son does not stop screaming, hitting his head on the wall and saying that he wants to die, while there are phases in which he is an angel. "These symptoms are typical of bipolar disorder and can not be viewed as a typical childhood behavior," he says.
Differences between children and adults
In most adults, clinical manifestations are classic mood swings from one extreme to the other, of the uncontrollable joy and rapid reasoning to the depression and apathy. In the case of children, this emotional seesaw is not common. "The disease presents itself through a conjunction of less specific symptoms, such as impulsivity, irritability, dispersion, agitation and fits of anger," says Evelyn Vinocur.
Because of the the bipolar child is diagnosed with other ills, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). "It is too heavy for parents to raise the hypothesis of the disorder, which contributes to a lack of understanding of the symptoms and a very long delay in diagnosis and treatment," explains psychotherapist Evelyn. Therefore, Bipolar Disorder of Mood in Childhood and Adolescence is a condition that needs to be widely publicized.
A father who is afraid to go to the dentist is prone to transmit his fear to his children, Spanish researchers say. Although researchers at the University of the King Juan Carlos de Madrid say that previous studies have identified an association between fear levels of parents and children, no other study has focused on the different roles of mothers and fathers in transmitting fear of dentist to their children.
It is common to find children in the school period who begin to jot down information on the board and school performance begins to fall. Many parents rebuke the child, but they do not realize the problem. One day, the teacher walks through the student's wallet and perceives wrong notes in the notebook and suspects that he has myopia.