Bruxism is related to stress and can disrupt sleep
Bruxism is a word derived from the Greek "brýkhmós" or briquismo, which means to grind the teeth.
It is a parafunctional habit, that is, a movement of the jaw that does not do part of the physiological (normal) function. Rarely anyone who has bruxism realizes that it grinds its teeth, unless someone sleeping next to it listens and counts. In addition to generating discomfort for those who hear, bruxism has several consequences, such as sharp burns on the teeth, pains in the muscles of the face, headaches, neck, shoulders, ears, TMJ disorders, fractures of teeth and restorations. > We call "eccentric" bruxism the unconscious act of moving the jaw and rubbing the teeth, which usually occurs during sleep. There is also "centric" bruxism, which is characterized by a semi-voluntary activity of constant clenching of the teeth, more frequent during the day.
The disease is not directly related to the age group, although it is very common in children. Studies show that 30% of children between three and six years of age have the symptom.
It is popular belief that grinding teeth is a sign that the child has worms. In fact, vermin can even trigger, but most of the time, bruxism is caused by other reasons.
Bruxism in children
When you notice some of these symptoms seek professional help.
Up to six years , the child causes the wear of the canine tips through laterality movements. This muscle activity stimulates the growth of the bony bases to receive the permanent teeth. This is "physiological" bruxism.
"Pathological" bruxism causes exaggerated dental wear and the child may have muscle pain, headaches or pain in the TMJ (temporomandibular joint).
We know some causes of bruxism in childhood:
Occlusal factors: when there are points on the teeth that prevent the bite from having a good fit
- Systemic factors: nutritional deficiencies, neurological disorders (eg autism)
- Emotional factors: stress >
- Inadequate eating habits: Children who do not chew on consistent, hard foods and do not exercise proper chewing can meet this need by grinding their teeth.
- There are few scientific papers talking about childhood bruxism and we do not know all the causes, so each patient should be carefully analyzed.
If the cause is an interference occlusal adjustment or appliance use will be indicated. The use of bite plaques for children is a very debatable because it interferes with the natural growth of the dental arch. Depending on the case, the action of other health professionals may be necessary, such as pediatricians, psychologists, otolaryngologists and speech therapists.
Bruxism in adults
In adults, the situation is similar. Causes are very much associated with emotional and physical stress, incorrect alignment of teeth, unbalanced occlusion of teeth (when some teeth touch stronger than others), difficulty in closing and opening the mouth in a very centralized way. dentists are professionals appointed to diagnose and treat bruxism. Treatment may range from occlusal adjustment, use of myorelaxing plaques and even functional rehabilitation with prostheses. Physiotherapists can offer supportive treatment for muscle pain. Another important point is to reduce psychological stress, for example by using sports and relaxation exercises. Depression and anxiety should be medically medicated and / or controlled by psychotherapy.
People who have bruxism sleep poorly and often do not know why they wake up tired or stay drowsy throughout the day. The disorder makes sleep sluggish, meaning the person does not reach deep sleep while grinding or clenching their teeth.
Today we know the importance of sleep to health. The consequences of poor sleep range from stress and anxiety to cardiovascular complications.
The sleep monitoring test, called polysomnography, may be needed to confirm the diagnosis of sleep disorder.
We have now described 80 different sleep disturbances, including apnea and bruxism, which are directly related to dental practice.
When you notice some of these symptoms seek professional help. In addition to the medical neurologist or sleep specialist, the dentist will also assist in diagnosis and treatment.
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Bruxism is a word derived from the Greek "brýkhmós" or briquismo, which means to grind the teeth. It is a parafunctional habit, that is, a movement of the jaw that does not do part of the physiological (normal) function. Rarely anyone who has bruxism realizes that it grinds its teeth, unless someone sleeping next to it listens and counts.
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