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Diabetes cases grow in Brazil

Diabetes cases grow in Brazil

One day is the chocolate after lunch, in the other physical exercise that is left out. When it comes to meeting friends, it is difficult to control yourself for drinking, not to mention that the drink on the cigarette makes the taste of beer much more palatable. Habits like these are increasingly routine among Brazilians and have contributed, among many consequences for health.

A study carried out by the Ministry of Health shows that in 10 years the number of people with diabetes has grown 61% in those over 18 years of age who live in capitals. To get an idea, between 2006 and 2016, the number of people who say they know about the diagnosis of diabetes went from 5.5% to 8.9%. Diabetes is a metabolic syndrome of multiple origin, due to lack of insulin and / or the inability of insulin to produce insulin. insulin properly exercise its effects, causing an increase in glucose (sugar) in the blood.

Diabetes is not a new disease. However, many of the habits of modernity have contributed to its spread worldwide. For example, it is much more common to eat meals away from home, so you do not have much control over what you eat or the ingredients used to prepare the food. As a consequence, the consumption of processed foods rich in sodium and sugars increases.

Likewise, the lack of physical exercise also contributes to this reality. Those who live in capitals know that the need to get to places quickly makes walking a habit impossible. The National Diagnostics of Sport of 2016, a survey conducted by the Ministry of Sport, shows that 46% of the Brazilian population is sedentary. The study considered as sedentary those interviewed who declare that they did not do any physical activity in 2013, in the universe of 8,902 home interviews.

Changing habits

There are several explanations that can justify our habits. However, more than trying to justify them, it is necessary and possible to make changes in our lives.

Having a balanced diet is one of the main pillars for the prevention of diabetes. According to the endocrinologist Fádlo Fraige, president of the National Association of Diabetes Care (Anad), ingesting more calories than he spends, the tendency is that the balance pointer will rise, therefore, to prepare meals rich in vegetables, vegetables and fruits and moderating carbohydrate and protein intake may be helpful.

According to endocrinologist Balduino Tschiedel, president of the Brazilian Society of Diabetes, exercises are also key to staying away from type 2 diabetes. No one needs to make a big change in routine to meet this requirement. "About a 30-minute walk daily is enough to rule out the risk of developing the disease," he said. If possible, however, associate aerobic exercise with activities that require muscle strength to burn calories and set the body.

Diabetes diagnosis is often done when a number of physicians, such as gynecologists, request a battery of tests. But rather than depending on these experts, how about setting a date to conduct your medical check-ups annually? "Among the tests requested is usually that of fasting glucose and, if there is suspicion of diabetes, a glycated hemoglobin test," explains the endocrinologist Fádlo. The first one indicates the blood sugar rates at the time of the examination. The second, these same indices in the last 90 days.


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