Chikungunya has a cure?
While we have not won the fight against the mosquito Aedes aegypti, it continues to transmit the dengue virus, zika and also the chikungunya. The mosquito fight represents the decrease of three viruses. According to the Ministry of Health of 589.7% compared to the year 2015, one of the most recent viruses is chikungunya.
The incidence of the virus in the country was high. In the year 2016, the cases were 129.9 per 100 thousand inhabitants. The region with the highest incidence was the Northeast, with 407.7 cases per 100,000 inhabitants.
This virus causes an acute febrile illness that usually occurs for a few days, accompanied by disabling joint pains, leaving the patient with the curved body, which is well represented by the name of the virus: chikungunya in the Maconde language means "one who bows."
Chikungunya has a cure?
There are no vaccines yet, but treatment is relieve symptoms and pain, but with caution and medical advice. For example, the most common are patients who self-medicate for aspirin or anti-inflammatory headaches. For this disease is prohibited the use of this type of medicine that can precipitate the bleeding if dengue has not been ruled out. The use of corticosteroids is also not indicated in the acute phase of the disease.
Prevention can occur with the use of repellents, but the most effective way to protect ourselves is to fight the mosquito by keeping water tanks at home in the garden
Although not usually a serious infection, chikungunya may eventually be fatal and, in some cases, cause considerable discomfort, especially joint pain. The idea is, therefore, not to let the Aedes aegypti spread any of the three viruses that have literally caused a lot of headache in our body.
When transmission occurs
Transmission occurs when the female mosquito stings the day or night. The incubation period, ie between the mosquito bite and the onset of symptoms, ranges from one to 14 days, on average three to seven days.
Other symptoms besides fever and arthralgia (joint pain), people with the disease may experience discomfort, headache, edema and blemishes on the skin. These symptoms usually last between seven to 10 days. About one-third of patients may sustain symptoms for longer periods with pain or joint edema. Half of these patients may evolve with chronic inflammation in one or more joints, which may persist for many months. A small percentage of infected patients may not have symptoms and the disease may go undetected.
Chikungunya in pregnancy
In addition to the most common cases, there is a large concern with pregnant women. Some have transmitted the virus to their babies and although they are described as rare cases of transmission through contaminated blood, it is important to stay alert. The manifestations of chikungunya do not appear to be more severe in pregnant women, they may be associated with the risk of spontaneous abortion and in neonates it may be more severe giving rise to cardiac and neurological symptoms that may leave sequelae.
Although the disease kills more than the virus of zika and dengue, cases of death by chikungunya occur rarely, but usually in the elderly and people who are recurrent with other diseases. In these cases, there may be bleeding, renal failure, respiratory failure and meningoencephalitis.
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