Circulation . For more than 11 years, scholars have followed a group of 52,610 men and women. Each individual responded to questionnaires reporting the difficulty of falling asleep, the frequency they woke up and could not get back to sleep, and the number of times they awoke with the feeling of sleeping poorly, among other approaches. Researchers also did a check on their body mass index and blood pressure.
After relating these data to other health and lifestyle factors, experts found that participants with sleep problems had a 45% higher than those who had no sleep problems.
People who had difficulty falling asleep had a 30% increase in risk, while those who woke up feeling tired had an increased risk of 27%.
According to the researchers, further studies are needed to try to explain the mechanisms behind these associations, which are not yet clear.
Fight insomnia with these habits
Many people who suffer insomnia becomes accustomed to the consequences of the disorder, such as tiredness, excessive drowsiness, irritability, headache, slow thinking and difficulty concentrating, and tends to to believe that you will never have a good quality of sleep.
Not true. "Insomnia is curable, but it depends on a person's willingness to change habits and follow treatment," says the pulmonologist at the Sleep Institute Luciana Palombini. Treating insomnia is essential for maintaining quality of life and health, as psychiatric (anxiety and depression) and cardiovascular diseases can arise as a result of lack of sleep. "There are benzodiazepine hypnotics, such as clonazepam, and non-benzo-daizines, such as zolpidem." Currently, preference is given to the second category , because it has less chance of side effects and dependence, "explains the expert." It can also be used herbal medicines, among them valerian, which is hypnotic, and has no side effects, "he says. Passiflora, melissa and avenna sattiva are other plants that have calming properties and can help the sleeper to sleep better. In addition, there is the behavioral treatment, which, according to Luciana, includes:
1 - Sleep hygiene and stimulus control: -Manter regular sleeping times and, mainly, wake up; - Avoid stimulating activities near bedtime;
- If, when trying to sleep or after waking up in the middle of the night, the person can not fall asleep again, he should avoid lying in bed thinking about problems. If it takes more than half an hour to fall asleep again, the individual should get up, do some relaxing activity, and return to bed only when he feels sleepy.
- Practice regular physical activity. The ideal for those who have difficulty starting sleep is to exercise in the morning;
- Avoid drinking coffee after 6pm and cigarette or alcohol at any time;
- Keep the room dark, noise-free and comfortable.
2 - Restriction of sleep:
The person should sleep less than necessary for a period to favor the consolidation of sleep. After this phase, you should resume normal sleep time. This procedure should only be done with professional follow-up.
3 - Relaxation techniques:
Progressive muscle relaxation and meditation are some of the methods that help those who have insomnia. It is also important to follow a professional, at least initially.
4 - Cognitive therapy:
This psychotherapeutic method aims to work out inadequate beliefs and expectations about sleep. Again, the guidance of a skilled practitioner is necessary.
Before taking any of these guidelines, you must seek a sleep medicine specialist to evaluate the patient's overall situation. insomnia if you have difficulty starting or maintaining sleep above three times a week for a period of at least 30 days, "says Luciana.
Complementary tests need to be performed to rule out the presence of other disorders, such as the syndrome of obstructive sleep apnea.
Children with microcephaly are characterized by presenting head and the brain is smaller than normal for its age, and when compared to other children of the same age and the same sex, the difference is very clear. The explanation is in the reduction of the space for the growth of the brain and its capacities, because the fontanelles (popularly known as millworms), which should take longer to close after the baby's birth, join together prematurely, preventing this normal growth and necessary of the brain inside the cranial cavity and the perimeter of the head is then smaller than normal.
The National Agency of Sanitary Surveillance (Anvisa) prohibited the commercialization and distribution of three lots of cinnamon powder of the brands Junco Industria e Comercio Ltda, Arcos Comércio Importação Ltda and Indústria e Comercio de Spice Sacy Ltda for presenting rodent hair fragments. The problem was identified by the Board of Food Surveillance of the State of Minas Gerais (DVA-MG ) that detected foreign matter in products.