Common injuries to the knees of those who run
With the increase in the number of runners, consequently also increase the injuries that have relations with the activity, and that are independent of the level that each one is found as there are different types that can affect from the beginner to the professional athlete. However, according to a systematic review published in Sports Medicine in 2015, novice runners may be more susceptible to injury risk when compared to recreational runners.
The main injuries in the knees of runners are: the syndrome of the femoropatellar pain, Syndrome of the treatment iliotibial and meniscal lesions, according to a study published in the journal Sports Medicine in 2014. The most common and preventable racing practice for beginners is pain in the knee, which is also known as anterior pain in the knee, and is commonly associated with image findings regarding patellar chondromalacia. We know that the symptoms of this lesion come from biomechanical alterations of the lower limb, especially in the hip region. These changes occur most often due to muscle imbalance of the hip and trunk muscles, leading to a greater overload in the knee region in some day-to-day movements, such as up and down stairs, and also in the running. which can lead a runner to injury can also vary. Among the main causes are repetitive stress, increased training volume, footwear, training ground and biomechanical alterations, which may result in poor shock absorption (excessive use of quadriceps), poor "stability"
At the onset of symptoms, appropriate treatment should be sought so as to avoid worsening of the condition and also eliminate those that are present and prevent problems.
To treat, the stages basically are: identification of the symptoms, functional evaluation where it involves recognition of the history of the appearance of the symptoms and movements. It is important to note that the sports gesture itself, when properly done, also counts for the prevention and treatment of injuries to the joints. in which they appear and what the behavior of the same, evaluation of the musculature of the lower limb and trunk, analysis of the biomechanics of the running gesture.
It is important to emphasize that these injuries are of mechanical character and only the use of medication will not bring results in the long term. It is common to find corridors that only performed the control of pain with medication and returned to activity without adequate recovery work, presenting recurrence of symptoms in a short period of time.
The symptoms of mechanical characteristic lesions are only the tip of the iceberg or rather, the end result of a chain reaction. Effective treatment will only be performed if the cause of the symptoms is found.
Guidelines for treatment will be determined after evaluation of the entire picture. Within this conduct is essential that the treatment is based on specific exercises and after proper muscle balance so that gradually the activity is released, since of the aforementioned injuries does not make it impossible for the person to run. Contrary to what was previously thought, knee injuries are not only related to the impact of movement on the ground. An example of this is the study published in the journal Nature in April of this year demonstrating that there is an adaptation of the intervertebral discs to the race, which suggests that running is beneficial to them.
We know of the power of adaptation of the human body, so before drastic measures we must seek all possibilities. Our body was made to move, and the lack of movement is what will harm us.
Learn about ankle sprains during physical activity
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