Conjunctivitis: Remove 4 common questions about the disease and its transmission
Cases of conjunctivitis have grown a lot in the Carnival of 2018. Only 191 occurrences were registered in Salvador, an increase of 1,123% compared to the year 2017. Despite being a more common disease in the summer, is transmitted at any time of the year. Also, even if you have ever had conjunctivitis in your life, you may become infected again if you do not take care of it. Minoru Fujii, an ophthalmologist at CEMA (SP) Hospital, explains that conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the outer layer of the eye, called the conjunctiva, a film that covers the entire white region of the eyes and of the inner surface of the eyelids. It can be caused by a virus, bacteria or allergy.
How is conjunctivitis transmitted?
Conjunctivitis is not a seasonal disease. But there are some times of the year when the outbreak is larger. "Contamination is done through direct contact with the infected person, or with contaminated objects indoors and with crowded people," says the expert.
It is important to look at the details of the transmission if you are contaminated or someone close to you. The most common symptoms are:
- Eye pain
- Blurred vision
- Eyelid eyelid
- White or yellowish ocular secretion
- Photophobia (light intolerance)
- How to take care of conjunctivitis at home?
If you have the symptoms mentioned above, here are some tips on how to take care of eye infection at home. It is worth remembering the importance of the medical consultation for a complete diagnosis. "The patient should see an ophthalmologist for the best eye drops, because it depends on which type of conjunctivitis the person has and whether the conjunctiva has been affected or cornea also.For each case there is a specific treatment ", emphasizes the ophthalmologist Raquel Paiva.
In addition, hygiene is fundamental to relieve the symptoms of conjunctivitis. Simple day-to-day actions can help you with recovery, such as:
Always wash your hands
Avoid eye scratching
- Compress with cold water
- Do not wear contact lenses
- Avoid agglomerations or swimming pools of clubs or clubs
- Changing the pillowcases daily
- Do not share beauty products
- The use of contact lenses should be suspended until the doctor's release to avoid recontamination in cases of infectious conjunctivitis.
- How long does the recovery last?
Minoru Fujii, an ophthalmologist, says that viral transmission of conjunctivitis can occur within 12 days. The resolution of the condition is spontaneous, with improvement in up to three weeks. The recovery of bacterial conjunctivitis occurs between five and seven days. That is, if treatment is followed correctly, recovery becomes faster and less painful.
How to prevent conjunctivitis?
Among the types of conjunctivitis, viral and bacterial are the most common. They are transmitted by direct contact with the infected person. "Embrace, kiss, share towel, pillows and sheets of contaminated people contributes to the transmission of the disease," says Raquel Paiva.
In addition, avoiding places with large concentrations of people, swimming pools and water parks helps prevent conjunctivitis during outbreak periods.
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