Diabetes in pregnancy increases risk of birth defects in children
Diabetologia , calls attention to the importance of controlling blood sugar levels before conception and performing prenatal care. Both type 1 diabetes, which usually appears in childhood, and type 2 diabetes, usually linked to diet, lead to problems controlling the amount of sugar in the blood. For a safe gestation, it is recommended that glycated hemoglobin levels (which examines average blood glucose levels in the last few months) should be below 6.1%.
From the analysis, led by a researcher of Newcastle University
in the United Kingdom, the risk of birth defects when the pregnant woman had 6.1% glycated hemoglobin levels was found to be one in 34. Levels of 7% increased the likelihood of a birth with congenital problems in 26. At levels of 8%, the ratio rose to one in 17; to 9%, the risk was one in 12 and 10%, one in nine. In healthy women, the probability of a child being born with birth defects is 19 per thousand births. The most common problems in cases of mothers with diabetes are miscarriage and having an overweight baby. Diabetes during pregnancy increases the chances of autism
Women who have diabetes, high blood pressure, or obesity before and during pregnancy are more likely to have a baby. have children with autism, says another study by the University of California. According to the researchers, the chances can increase by up to 60%. Therefore, adequate nutrition is even more important before and during pregnancy.
Autism is a group of disorders that arise as a result of disorders in the development of the nervous system, which can cause serious sociability, communication and behavior problems in the child. In Brazil, approximately one million children suffer from this problem.
During the study, a thousand children were observed. Of this group of volunteers, 508 had autism, 178 had some sign of communication problems and 315 were children with normal development. The doctors analyzed the history of each of the mothers and also did interviews with the families of the children. In the end, they found that women who had diabetes, hypertension or were obese were 60 percent more likely to have autistic children.
The relationship between diabetes and autism had already been found in previous studies, but it is not yet known why this disease, in addition to obesity and hypertension, increases both the chances of autism. According to the authors, prenatal examinations may play a more important role than was believed in the prevention of autism.
Being a good mother is a great burden for women
I am frequently sought out by pregnant women who manifest a desire to become good mothers. When I ask them what it means specifically for them to be a "good mother" it is common to hear: it is to be the mother who is always ready, who loves unconditionally, who protects, who is tireless, immaculate, holy.
Conquer harmony in the relationship between mother and daughter
"For every woman there are always three women: she is a girl, her mother, and the mother of her mother." DWWinnicot, Conversations, London, 1987 Does my daughter love me or hate me? " The question seems absurd, but it has a certain coherence for women. After all, no matter how exaggerated they seem, questions of this nature are very common both in psychoanalytic clinics and outside it.