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Diabetes: understand the disease and live well with it

Diabetes: understand the disease and live well with it

Diabetes is a metabolic disease that can cause serious health damage. It is characterized by elevated blood glucose levels due to an insulin deficiency in the first resort.

Each year, the number of people affected by this morbidity increases. Estimates suggest that Type I diabetes, which is caused by an innate deficiency of insulin-producing cells, affects 3% to 5% of the world's population.

All people with a BMI greater than 30 are at five times diabetes or hypertension.

Type II diabetes, acquired after years of poor eating habits, sedentary lifestyle and smoking, is much more comprehensive. It is present in about 20% of the world's population and in 65% of the obese population.

All people with BMI over 30 are five times more likely to become diabetic or hypertensive. These diseases can still be associated, since the accumulation of glucose in the blood, characteristic of diabetes, generates irritation in the internal wall of the veins and arteries, which raises blood pressure. Type 9 diabetes begins with the infiltration of fat in the liver, which hinders the metabolism of glucose. Diabetics of this type are usually over 35 years of age, overweight and have a family history of obesity or diabetes.

Recognize symptoms

The first symptoms of the disease are: tiredness, dizziness, bad breath, dry skin, abundant urine, a lot of thirst, a lot of hunger, rapid weight loss and sweating, especially in the hands. But the diagnosis is only made through specific blood tests, which evaluate the glycemia, glycated hemoglobin and glycemic and insulin rates.

Take care of your food

Taking care of food and maintaining an exercise routine is very important. Diabetics need limited glycemic control, so you need to eat little carbohydrate. Consumption of vegetables, fruits, vegetables, fish and egg white is highly recommended, always in small amounts and every 4 hours.

It is essential that the person with diabetes learn to eat meals with a low glycemic index, that is, they release little insulin. Thus, there will be no need for so many insulin applications, avoiding the acceleration of aging cells.

To keep the glycemic index low you should start meals with vegetable salads and vegetables with olive oil. Fiber and olive oil slow down the absorption time of food. Consumption of brown rice, granola, vegetables (steamed or grilled), green leaves, fresh fruits and uncooked juices is also essential in a healthy meal. Patients with high glycemic index should avoid industrialized products, dairy products and sweets to the maximum.

Both type I and Type II diabetics can lead an absolutely normal life. Today there are oral medications, exercise and nutrition programs, excellent insulins, high technologies in the care of glucose and ketone rates that provide diabetics with a full quality of life.


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