Diabetic can drink alcohol, provided that in moderation
"But is it not even at the end-of-the-year party, not even in the fraternization of work?" These questions commonly occur during medical consultations of many patients with diabetes. To clarify this dilemma, and to make you more informed, it is important to define some concepts:
What happens in the body when we drink?
When you drink, alcohol comes out of your stomach quickly and gains blood, liver. We know that the liver metabolizes, that is, manages to deactivate, the amount of a drink every two hours on average. Thus, if consumption is greater than a drink within two hours, excess alcohol remains in the bloodstream and causes its effects, especially in the brain: dizziness, disinhibition, impaired thinking, euphoria. In the body, excessive alcohol causes an increase in heart rate and breathing rate, balance and movement problems. And, of course, if the amount of alcohol in the bloodstream is too high, there is a risk of loss of consciousness and respiratory arrest, which can lead to death.
Our liver has several essential tasks in our body. One is to control blood sugar levels in the blood. This happens through a process called glycogenolysis, which is when the liver directs its reserves of sugar into the bloodstream in case these blood levels fall. It is also the liver responsible for making glucose when blood levels are also low, a process called gluconeogenesis.
In diabetic patients who are taking medicines that increase the amount of insulin in the blood or even those who apply insulin, drinking alcohol, the liver gets too busy deactivating the ingested alcohol, and thus can not regulate the amount of sugar in the blood correctly. The result is that blood sugar levels may drop, leading to the risk of hypoglycemia. In addition, another problem is that alcoholic beverages are usually very caloric. And more calories are equal to weight gain.
Enter the line
The American Diabetes Society recommends consuming at most one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for men. But of course, everything in a responsible way. The guidelines before drinking alcohol are:
- Do not drink on an empty stomach and do not drink if your blood glucose levels are low. Generally alcohol consumption is permitted at blood glucose levels between 100 and 140 mg / dL
- Drink slowly and do not exceed the maximum amount per day
- While drinking, always drink water together to maintain your hydration
- Symptoms of hypoglycemia and alcohol intoxication are very similar. Therefore, it is important to never exceed the maximum amount of drink
- And, of course, never drive after drinking.
Finally, the big question here is whether you, being diabetic, will decide to drink or not. An appointment with your doctor can help clarify this question. But here's a message: even if released by your doctor, responsibility and moderation always count first, because health is a very precise good to be wasted, think about it!
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