Diabetic ketoacidosis is serious and situation for medical emergency
But what are these ketones?
The first step for a person with diabetes to enter into ketoacidosis is the lack of insulin in your body. Insulin is responsible for getting glucose in the bloodstream into our body's cells and generating energy.
When there is a lack of insulin, two simultaneous situations occur: blood sugar levels increase and cells suffer from lack of energy. To prevent cells from working, the body uses fat stores to generate energy. But in this process in which the body uses fat as energy, ketones are formed.
Ketones are acidic substances that will unbalance the Ph in the blood, that is, they will cause an imbalance in the blood composition, which if not
Since type 1 diabetics do not produce insulin, ketoacidosis is a more common complication in these patients. But in patients with type 2 diabetes it can also be seen, especially during an infection or when patients do not apply insulin doses correctly.
To prevent diabetic ketoacidosis, some care is important:
Correct application of insulin injections
Carry out measurements of capillary glycemia with the glycemic meter
- Regular medical follow-up
- Food control to avoid foods with a high sugar content that can lead to ketoacidosis.
- In case of signs such as dry mouth, increased urine volume, increased blood glucose levels, malaise, vomiting, abdominal pain, and acetone-smelling breath (as ketones in the blood can cause this effect), it is important that the patient is promptly taken to an emergency room for evaluation. With diabetes, we must redouble our care with our bodies! Think about it!
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