Diet rich in animal fat and cholesterol increases risk of gestational diabetes
Every two years, participants answered questions about general health, pregnancy status and lifestyle habits, such as alcohol consumption or smoking. In addition, every four years, they completed a comprehensive survey of foods and beverages consumed by them.
Overall, 6% of the volunteers reported a diagnosis of gestational diabetes. The researchers calculated the amount of animal fat present in the participants' diet according to the total calories they ate daily. They then divided women into five groups based on those percentages and compared the risk of developing the disease for each group. They found that women in the group with the highest intakes of fat had almost twice the risk of gestational diabetes than those in the lowest-intake group. They also observed that women in the higher-cholesterol group were 45% more likely to develop the disease, compared to those in the lower consumption group. For researchers, the results indicate that if women reduce their intake of these types of fat before pregnancy, their risk of gestational diabetes may be lower.
Another finding is that this relationship between gestational diabetes and consumption of animal fat and cholesterol seems to be independent of other factors, diet related or not. For example, exercises are known to lower the risk of the disease. However, even among women who exercised, the risk was still greater if they were fed a diet rich in animal fat.
Gestational diabetes affects both mother and baby life
Gestational diabetes is the one diagnosed during pregnancy. gestation. According to an American study published in 2008 in The New England Journal of Medicine, 18% of pregnant women are diagnosed with diabetes during pregnancy.
According to gynecologist Barbara Murayama, My Life specialist, the disease is characterized by increased content of blood sugar, with consequences that can be serious for both the mother and the fetus.
Diabetes occurs when the pancreas - the body responsible for insulin production - is unable to perform its task of metabolizing sufficient amount of circulating sugar in the blood.
Because of the action of the gestational hormones, there is a greater chance of developing diabetes during pregnancy. In addition, in pregnancy, it is common for a woman to decrease her physical activity, and a considerable increase in caloric intake often occurs.
How the diagnosis is made
The glycemic index is determined by a cut-off number , which measures the amount of blood sugar in mg / dL (milligrams per deciliter). The Brazilian Consensus on Gestational Diabetes released this year that a glycemic index greater than 85 mg / dL is already indicative of diabetes.
Among the prenatal routine exams, some are specifically requested to track the disease. At the first prenatal visit, for example, the woman is asked to perform the first test, which will measure the amount of fasting blood sugar.
If the test result is normal (less than 85 mg / dL) and the woman does not have risk factors, the doctor should only request a new evaluation when the pregnant woman is between the fifth and seventh month (from the 24th to the 32nd week).
If in this first test the index is 85 to 125 mg / dL, the patient will have to take the glucose tolerance test with 75 g of the substance ingested early. For this test, two or three blood samples (one fasting, and the other two after 1 and 2 hours of ingestion of 75 g of glucose) are performed. If the initial fasting examination is 126 mg / dL or more, gestational diabetes is found, and treatment should be started.
In the other four studies, a group of children gained extra time to practice exercises and had their results of tests compared to those of a group of children who had not earned that extra time. The largest of these surveys involved 12,000 American children and adolescents aged 12 to 18 who were followed for up to two years.
The difficulty of getting pregnant affects 1 in 10 couples in Brazil, according to the World Health Organization; As a way to find an alternative to infertility, many couples use assisted human reproduction techniques. Brazil has different banks of semen. However, the legislation makes it possible for assisted human reproduction techniques to be performed also through the use of biological material from foreign donors.
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