Dry throat: Drinking water and avoiding sodium alleviates the symptom
To understand why the throat gets dry in the colder seasons, let's talk a bit about the humidity of the air. This subject is always commented on by meteorologists, as it has many implications for our health. The relative humidity of the air means how much of the water vapor exists in the atmosphere in relation to the maximum there could be for the temperature at that particular moment. Humidity in the air is lower in late winter and early spring. In the afternoon, between 12 and 16 hours, the humidity of the air is also lower. It is high in areas of forests, dams and rivers, and increases soon after rains due to evaporation.
Many Brazilian cities have been showing low levels of relative humidity in the winter months over the last few years. It is a phenomenon that has several causes, such as the progressive reduction of the vegetal cover, waterproofing of the soil and increase of the population. Therefore, we are feeling this climatic effect at this time.
Dry air leads to respiratory problems for two reasons. One is the dryness of mucous membranes and mucus, the secretion produced by the body that "cleans" the airway of foreign particles. Another factor is related to the pollution: the dry climate hinders the dispersion of polluting substances, causing us to have more contact with them. This favors allergic crises.
The nose, which acts as a filter of the ambient air, suffers irritation and can bleed easily. The skin also becomes dry and the eyes irritated.
Dry throat sensation may be a consequence of something temporary, not necessarily related to an illness. In addition to the dry weather, other situations can lead to dryness of the throat. Low fluid intake and professions that use speech as teachers are examples. Alcohol abuse and cigarette smoking cause irritation of the throat, as well as impairing the production of mucus, which "lubricates" and cleanses the airway.
Reflux is another common condition in the population leading to throat discomfort . The mucosa of the pharynx is more susceptible to acids from the esophagus and stomach, so few amounts of reflux can cause major complaints, even sore throats and choking. A large list of medications can also cause a dry throat sensation. The main ones are: antiallergics, antidepressants, diuretics and antihypertensives. If the complaint is important, it is worth discussing with your doctor the possibility of change.
Some simple and very important measures can be incorporated into daily life to ease the symptom:
Having a habit of drinking liquids , such as water and juices.
- Avoid high-sodium foods (salt and pepper)
- Avoid physical exercise and sun exposure in the driest period from 12 to 16 hours
- Cleaning the nose with
- Avoid air-conditioned environments whenever possible.
- If the dry throat sensation is prolonged, and especially if it is leading to difficulty in feeding associated with symptoms such as snoring, shortness of breath and gagging, it is important to seek the help of a professional. The doctor will also look for medications that may be involved and general illnesses that may manifest with this problem.
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