Exam that measures adiponectin rates promises to detect chances of gestational diabetes. Learn how the gestational diabetes test works.
The amount of this hormone in the blood plasma is inversely related with the percentage of body fat in adults, that is, the more fat in the body, the less circulating adiponectin. It has a role in suppressing metabolic events that can cause type 2 diabetes and obesity, among other diseases.
Adiponectin rates are reduced in diabetics compared to non-diabetics. The loss of body weight significantly increases the concentration of this hormone in plasma. In people with weight within the normal range, the levels of this substance are higher. Therefore, if they are low, it seems to be a sign of a higher risk of gestational diabetes.
How this test can be used
The exam is not a sentence, nor is it on the routine checklist of women who intend to become pregnant , for a while. Of course, any method that comes to aggregate and that can facilitate and help prevent diabetes is great.
It would work as follows: whether in the so-called preconception consultation or early in the prenatal period, we detected an increased risk of developing diabetes, we would be more attentive to this. It would be necessary to investigate the personal and family history of this woman who intends to become pregnant in search of family members with diabetes, in addition to personal history of overweight or obesity, age over 35 years old, previous child born weighing more than four kilos, among other factors risk. We would use this moment to reinforce guidelines on a balanced diet, rich in fibers and with less carbohydrates. Often it may be necessary to have follow-up with a nutritionist.
It would also be necessary to reinforce the idea of practicing physical activity, always paying attention to pregnant women who may have some contraindication. And tests would be performed for the detection of diabetes during various prenatal periods.
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