Tackling negative thoughts minimizes loneliness
Changing the way one perceives relationships with the world is the most effective intervention against the feeling of loneliness, according to an analysis by the University of Chicago in the United States. The findings may help doctors and psychologists develop better treatments for loneliness, a known risk factor for heart disease and other health problems. Recently, researchers have studied the negative influence of loneliness on blood pressure, heart sleep, dementia and other diseases. These effects suggest that loneliness is a health risk factor, similar to obesity or smoking. P>
"People are increasingly isolated, and the health problems arising from it should grow," said John Cacioppo, a professor of psychology at the University of Chicago. "If we know that loneliness is related to health problems, the next question is what we can do to mitigate it."
To determine the most effective method to reduce loneliness, Cacioppo and a team of University researchers of Chicago have examined several researches already done on the subject. Published in the journal
Personality and Social Psychology Review
, quantitative analysis has shown that the best interventions are directed at social cognition (a person's thoughts about himself and others) rather than social skills and opportunities for social interaction . The team review reviewed the methods and results of 20 papers that tested interventions against loneliness. Strategies were divided into four categories: improving social skills, increasing social support, creating opportunities for social interaction, and intervening in social cognition. "We are building a better understanding of solitude, which is more of a cognitive issue and subject to changes, "said Christopher Masi, a professor at the University of Chicago Medical Center and lead author of the study. Cognitive-behavioral therapy techniques, a technique also used to treat depression, eating disorders and other problems were more effective, according to the researchers. "Interventions that provide social support or teach social skills are not as effective as those that change the perception about loneliness, think and act with other people, "said Cacioppo. The quantitative analysis also looked at whether group interventions were more effective than individual therapies for solitude. Although previous findings of qualitative opinions favored group therapies, the study found no advantage to this approach. "Studies have shown that lonely people have incorrect assumptions about themselves and about how other people perceive them. it's like bringing people with abnormal perceptions together, "says Masi. "I think loneliness is increasingly recognized as a major problem in medicine - and certainly the demographic trends in society compound the problem," said Masi. "We found a type of intervention that seems to be effective and we look forward to testing it based on these results. " Recently, researchers at the University of Chicago reveal that loneliness alters brain functions as badly as cigarette components. The study tested people who were very sociable and others who suffered from loneliness. P>
Of the 23 non-smokers who underwent magnetic resonance imaging while being exposed to images and sounds that referred to loneliness, 15 were lonely and presented a lower rhythm of activity in the cerebral zone called ventral striatum. The reaction is similar to the action of nicotine in the body.
In general, going to the urologist is conditioned by the appearance of symptoms until adulthood. Most Medical Societies point out that screening for prostate cancer should be performed after age 50 in the general population and at age 45 in men with associated risk factors such as family history of prostate cancer and in patients of the race where the cancer may be more precocious and aggressive.
Do men like smart women? In a survey conducted by the Universities of Buffalo, Lutheran of California, and Texas, all of them are considered to be intelligent, but practical they feel threatened. in the United States, has shown that not always an intelligent woman becomes attractive to men. The study also pointed out that in some cases this may even negatively influence the male interest.
The scientists say that this made men felt threatened by having contact with the women who had performed better in the tests. Thus, the results show that many men find in feminine intelligence an impediment to a relationship, denouncing a difficulty in accepting that in some scenario it may not have the dominant intellect in the relationship.
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