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Basal fracture increases five times the risk of death in the elderly

Basal fracture increases five times the risk of death in the elderly

Women aged 65-69 who fracture the basin are at a five times greater risk of dying within a year, says a study by the National Institutes of Health (USA) and published in the Archives of Internal Medicine. According to the scientists, this research draws attention to the fact that the first year after the basin fracture is a critical time for older women, especially the younger women - up to age 69.

According to the International Foundation against US-based Osteoporosis, 1.6 million basin fractures occur annually, 51% of which occur in Europe and America. Half of women over 50 will break a bone because of osteoporosis.

The study gathered information from about 10,000 American women who enrolled from 1986 to 1988 in a research project on osteoporosis-related fractures. In 20 years, 1,116 volunteers suffered fractures in the basin. They were compared by age to a group of 4,464 women who were not injured.

Final numbers suggest that basin fracture plays a major role in worsening female health. Life risk is highest in the first three months after fracture, which leads one to assume that hospitalization, surgery, and immobilization lead to other complications resulting in death.

The study also found that women aged 70 and 79 are twice as likely to die in a year, and those over 80 are three times more likely to die. The three main causes of death among the women studied were heart problems, cancer and stroke.

Protein consumption decreases risk of fractures

Basal fracture is one of the most serious problems in old age. As the elderly have less balance, falls and consequent fractures becomes a major risk to health. But feeding may play an important role in decreasing fracture rates. Older people who consume a high-protein diet are less likely to suffer from hip fractures than older people whose daily intake of this nutrient is lower, according to a new study by the Institute for Aging Research in Boston, USA. daily intake of 946 elderly subjects and, therefore, found that those who consumed a rate below 25% protein, ie less than the 46 grams of protein per day recommended by doctors, had their doubled chances of suffering a fracture in the hip ratio in comparison to those who consumed the highest amounts of protein.

Other, more food-related studies have also shown that protein intake is also linked to increased bone mineral density. According to the researchers, most fractures occur after a fall, which can be caused by lower muscle mass and decreased strength in the lower extremities. Therefore, protein in the diet can be effective in protecting older people against fracture by building stronger leg muscles.

Following the study, doctors recommend that seniors consume at least 46 grams of protein per day, which can be obtained from animal sources (cheese, milk, chicken) or vegetable (vegetables, grains, nuts and seeds). In addition to diet, exercising to build stronger muscles and better balance, as well as other regular fall prevention strategies, such as reducing risks at home, can help protect seniors from falls and hip fractures.


Young man writes his own voice before he loses his speech due to illness

Young man writes his own voice before he loses his speech due to illness

At the age of 22, the Scottish Lucy Lintott has been diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a degenerative disease of the nervous system, which causes progressive, irreversible motor paralysis in a very limiting way. Even so new, part of Lucy's speech has already been compromised and the problem must be aggravated quickly.

(Health)

AVC: fast care can make all the difference

AVC: fast care can make all the difference

This text is about a detail that could make all the difference. For example, if we ask a simple question to all readers: "What is the biggest concern when someone complains about a strong chest pain?", Certainly most will respond to acute myocardial infarction - and yes, that's really it. But if we ask the question a little differently: "What if suddenly a person stops talking, or loses sight, muscular strength on one side of the body or even sensitivity?

(Health)