Half of people with hepatitis C do not know the disease
Half of people with hepatitis C do not know they have the disease, according to a survey by the Datafolha Institute, the Ministry of Health and the World Health Organization. lack of knowledge about the disease and the habit of visiting little the doctor are the main factors that explain this number.
Hepatitis C is the most common type of disease and its transmission occurs with sharing of sharp objects, toothbrushes , blood transfusions and contact with cuts and wounds of infected persons. Transmission by sexual intercourse also occurs, but it is more rare. The treatment is based on medicines and can cure the person, even when the disease presents more chronic phases.
Of the various types of hepatitis, C is considered the most worrying, since 80% of the cases progress to the chronic phase . In the case of hepatitis B, less than 10% of cases become chronic and, in hepatitis A, almost all of them are cured spontaneously. From 2009 to 2010, there was a 4.7% increase in hepatitis deaths in the country. According to the report, the disease reaches 2 million Brazilians, but only half of that number is diagnosed, since the only people discover that they have hepatitis C when they are infected with hepatitis C. it is in its advanced stage.
For experts, people should be more attentive to abominable pain, fatigue and yellowing of the skin, the main symptoms of the disease. People who have been exposed to risk factors, such as blood transfusion before 1993, unprotected sex or exposure to shared syringes, pliers or needles, should take the blood test as soon as possible.
Examination and prevention
One of the most important measures for the control of hepatitis is vaccination. The Ministry of Health releases the vaccine for all people under 24 years of age or older who are part of one of the risk groups: people who are more likely to get the disease, such as professionals who work in the area of health, individuals who have sex with partners who have acute cases of unvaccinated hepatitis B, persons living in the same home as a chronic Hepatitis B virus carrier, victims of sexual abuse (not vaccinated against hepatitis), persons who are or are waiting for hemodialysis sessions, seropositive patients (HIV +) or with their immune system compromised, podiatrists, sex workers, prison population (professionals and inmates), regular blood donors, professionals who collect hospital and household waste, among others .
Persons over the age of 20 who are not a member of these groups above are not entitled to receive the vaccine free of charge in public health services. But if they can afford to pay, they can receive it in private clinics and clinics. In view of the relevance of the disease, it is important to note that if you are up to 20 years of age or if you are among one of the groups listed above and have not yet received the vaccine, vaccine, the search for the Health Unit closest to your home is essential.
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