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Hepatitis A vaccine can save lives of children

Hepatitis A vaccine can save lives of children

However, the World Health Organization estimates that 130 new cases per year will be diagnosed per 100,000 inhabitants in Brazil. The main ways of preventing the disease are through vaccination and hygiene-related awareness - because the virus is transmitted by food, water and contaminated objects and even by personal contact if there is no adequate hygiene. to protect the public, a part of the society most vulnerable to the effects of the virus, the Ministry of Health included the Hepatitis A vaccine in the SUS Calendar in 2014.

Complete immunization of the disease is done through two doses . The recommendation of the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics and the Brazilian Society of Immunizations is that the first dose be applied at 12 months and the second dose at 18 months. It is important to remember that vaccination in childhood protects for more than 40 years, and avoids serious cases of death caused by the disease. Vaccines can be found in the Basic Health Units.

Symptoms

Although it is a usually benign disease, hepatitis A can lead to hospitalization or death in 2% to 7% of cases. In severe condition the disease presents symptoms like dehydration, fever, fatigue, dark urine and abdominal pains. In addition to yellowish-looking skins and eyes (jaundice). These symptoms can last from two weeks to two months.

However, it is not always that she has the symptoms. This makes diagnosis difficult and can facilitate the transmission of the virus to infants. It is therefore important for parents to have regular screenings, to take care of the family's personal hygiene, and to vaccinate children during the indicated period.

Sources and References

CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) - Viral Hepatitis Hepatitis A Information

Ministry of Health - Health Blog - SUS is offering a vaccine against hepatitis A for children.

Ministry of Health - Department of STD, AIDS and Viral Hepatitis

SBIm (Brazilian Society of Immunizations) of the child

Pesquisa Fapesp Magazine - The Map of Hepatitis. Survey identifies how many and where are the carriers of different forms of the disease in the country


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