Fainting can be caused by neurological, vascular or cardiac problems. Knowing how to identify each one helps when it comes to helping a person
"Drinking lots of fluids and doing certain exercises help prevent the most common type of fainting"
How long did the faintness last.
- The state in which the patient woke up (confused, with some weak limb or localized numbness, had urine or feces on his clothes, did some bruising.)
- What the fainting was doing before losing the senses. Some symptoms, such as palpitations, chest pain, cold sweat, were being struggling or stopped.
- - Someone saw a patient struggling unconscious.
-Home the list of remedies that the person takes, since some remedies in inadequate amounts can be the cause of fainting.
Here are some types of fainting and how they are treated. It is good to remember that the correct diagnosis can only be guaranteed after a doctor's evaluation.
It is by far the most common type of fainting. The most common picture is that of women who have spent a lot of time standing at the bus stop, for example, under strong sunshine. Cold sweat, malaise, blurred vision, pallor are symptoms that precede loss of consciousness. Normally, a few seconds after falling, the person wakes up as if nothing had happened.
This is because some of the blood in the body is in the legs when we are standing. The brain understands that we are dehydrated or bleeding and there is a reflex that lowers the pressure. When the body touches the floor, the blood on the legs is circulating again. So the person wakes up. Despite the fright, this kind of fainting rarely causes physical harm to the patient. Treatment for people with this type of faint often is a guideline to drinking more fluids and doing some types of exercise. For cases like this rarely medications are indicated.
One of the most dangerous causes of fainting is cardiac arrhythmias. Loss of senses caused by arrhythmias may be an announcement of serious problems that must be evaluated very quickly, and delayed care can lead to death. Patients with arrhythmias generally report accelerated palpitations or chest pain before fainting. Sometimes there is a type of faint called "turn off", where the patient feels no sign of fainting and wakes up on the floor. Depending on the type of arrhythmia, the form of treatment changes:
- Tachycardias: This is when the heart beats faster than it should. Some of them are reversible, caused by medicines or thyroid problems, myocardial infarction or genetic diseases. It is most common in people who already have heart problems (enlarged heart, murmur or angina / heart attack) or in people whose parents or uncles have already had heart problems. Most of them can be treated with medications or surgical procedures.
- Bradycardias: It is when the heart delays some palpitations. The treatment can be a pacemaker installation. The pacemaker is a device that is under the skin with one or more strands that go to the heart. This "warns" when the heart has to beat if it is too slow, and releases an electric shock to have a contraction of the heart muscles. The pacemaker installation is done in about two hours and the patient can be discharged on the following day.
When the patient has a neurological condition, the most common features are spontaneous release of feces and urination, convulsions and confusion after the resumption of the senses. In addition, fainting caused by neurological causes is usually the longest, taking more than five minutes. One of the causes that most worries patients and physicians is stroke.
A person who suffers from fainting caused by this problem wakes up confused, drowsy, and may have weaknesses in the leg or arm, or slurred speech. Even if the person returns to normal within a few hours, it is always appropriate to seek help, since such an event serves as a warning for a more serious problem.
Today the stroke can be treated optimally if the person arrives at the emergency room within three hours after the onset of symptoms. Some types of stroke can receive medications that restore blood flow to the endangered area and may even reverse the sequelae. Therefore, if in doubt, run to an emergency room as soon as possible. Even if this information can be useful for a faster and more accurate diagnosis, it is important to remember that any fainting should be evaluated by a professional.
If you have any doubts about your treatment and your illness, take the liberty of talking to your doctor. doctor, and he will guide you about what material to read and how your medicine and disease work. Only then can treatment be effective, with knowledge and discipline.
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