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HPV vaccine is important for boys and girls from the age of nine

HPV vaccine is important for boys and girls from the age of nine

Basic Health Units now offer the HPV vaccine, which has been offered in the private network for a number of years. With the strong support of the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics and its affiliates, the Brazilian Society of Immunization and the World Health Organization, the vaccine is aimed at girls from the age of nine. Due to the release of the campaign, both parents and teens have had many questions, some of which I discuss below:

What is HPV?

HPV is a virus whose name is Human Papilloma Virus. Its transmission is mainly through sexual intercourse, being responsible for cases of cervical cancer, as well as cancer of the vulva, vagina, anus, penis and oropharynx. In addition, it is also responsible for genital warts known as condyloma acuminata. Approximately 50% of individuals, men or women, will have contact with some type of HPV after 2 years of active sexual life.

Who should receive the HPV vaccine?

There are two types of HPV vaccine, the quadrivalent, recommended for boys and girls between nine and 26 years of age and the bivalent, for girls and women from 10 years of age. All individuals in this age group should receive the vaccine. Today, it is known that the immune response to the vaccine is best when applied until age 15, which does not contraindicate its application to the others.

Why should boys get the HPV vaccine?

Boys should receive the vaccine for their protection against cancers, anus and throat cancers and against genital warts. In addition, because they are responsible for transmitting the virus to their partners, on receiving the vaccine they are collaborating to reduce the incidence of cervical and vulvar cancer in women.

What is the difference between vaccines?

The bivalent HPV vaccine is composed of viruses 16 and 18, responsible for 70% of cases of cervical cancer. The quadrivalent HPV vaccine is composed of viruses 16, 18, 6 and 11, the last 2 causes of genital warts in 90% of cases. The vaccine offered at health clinics is the quadrivalent.

What are the side effects of this vaccine?

The main side effect of this vaccine is pain at the application site. There may be fever and malaise in the first few days, but they are uncommon effects. Reports of fainting are associated with anxiety and pain and are quite common in adolescents who are fearful of needles in the face of any injecting drug situation or collection of exams.

Who has already started sex life can not take the vaccine any more?

The vaccine can and should be received by everyone, even those who have already started active sex life.

And who has ever had HPV, can you take the vaccine?

Yes, the vaccine can and should be received even by those who have had HPV infection. It will not be helpful for the type already acquired, but will protect against the others.

Vaccinating children does not stimulate early sexual life?

No. Vaccinating young people against infectious diseases is a duty of the parents and has no influence on the decision whether or not to have sexual activity. Hepatitis B, for example, is a sexually transmitted disease whose vaccine is given to all babies at birth when they are still in the maternity ward.

When adolescents decide to have sexual intercourse, they do so regardless of whether or not they have sex. received the necessary vaccines and therefore it is better to be guided in relation to the prevention of pregnancy and STDs (sexually transmitted diseases), besides being properly vaccinated.What is the HPV vaccination schedule?

The traditional regimen used for years and with excellent results is: 0, 2 and 6 months, that is, the first dose is applied, 2 months after the second dose, 4 months after the second (and six months after the first) the third dose applies. The Ministry of Health approved the vaccination in a different, apparently effective, but still under study scheme: 0, 6 and 60 months. Private clinics follow the 0-, 2- and 6-month guidelines.

If vaccination has already started in the private network, can you complete it in the public network?

Yes, if the doses applied were from the quadrivalent vaccine, the vaccination schedule can be finalized in the public network. For families who opt for the traditional 0, 2, 6 months regimen, it will also be accepted that the first and last doses are made at the health clinic and the second dose at private clinics.


Is it possible to get pregnant when you are menstruating?

Is it possible to get pregnant when you are menstruating?

This question is very common and the answer is no, the woman can not get pregnant when she is menstruating. For pregnancy to occur, it is necessary for the embryo to implant in the inner layer of the uterus (endometrium). Fertilization occurs in the tubas and the formed embryo migrates into the inside of the uterus that should be able to receive it.

(Family)

Mother of twins posts pregnancy marks and reports on body

Mother of twins posts pregnancy marks and reports on body

Englishwoman Emily Marson gave birth to Arthur and Finley in October of last year. The twins were born 36 weeks after a difficult pregnancy, in which she was hospitalized at times due to dehydration. After four months, she began to accept her pregnancy and cesarean marks and made an exciting tale. In the post, she asks that mothers do not be ashamed of the body, since these brands do not define them.

(Family)